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Spin–glass transition in La0.75Sr0.25Mn0.5Cr0.5−xAlxO3−δ perovskites

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Abul K. Azad, Javier Sanchez-Benitez, John T. S. Irvine

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The structural and magnetic properties of the Al-doped La0.75Sr0.25Mn0.5Cr0.5−xAlxO3−δ (x = 0.0, 0.1, 0.2, 0.3) were investigated by X-ray powder diffraction, neutron powder diffraction and magnetization measurements. Rietveld refinement of the diffraction data confirms that the compounds crystallize in rhombohedral symmetry (space group, R-3C). Unit cell volume decreases with increasing concentration of Al at the B-site. Upon cooling from room temperature, we have observed multiple magnetic phase transitions, i.e. paramagnetic (PM), ferromagnetic (FM), antiferromagnetic (AFM) and spin–glass (SG), in the samples. A low temperature magnetic hysteresis study demonstrates the presence of ferromagnetic domains for all compositions. The antiferromagnetic transition temperature decreases with the Al-doping AC susceptibility measurements at 97 Hz and 1 Oe show SG behaviors with a spin-freezing temperature close to 50 K for all samples. The in-phase ac susceptibility (χ/) decreases in magnitude and spin–glass transition (TSG) increase toward higher temperature with increasing frequency. The spin–glass behavior accompanied by the anomalous magnetic transitions is due to the competing interactions between FM and AFM. The results also shows that a part of the samples lose magnetic order to form a SG state accompanied by an AFM state at low temperature.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2482-2490
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Research Bulletin
Issue number7
Early online date15 May 2013
Publication statusPublished - 7 Jul 2013

    Research areas

  • Ceramics, Magnetic materials, Neutron powder diffraction, Magnetic properties, DOPED MANGANITES, PHASE-SEPARATION, METALLIC STATE, RARE-EARTH, CR, MAGNETORESISTANCE, BEHAVIOR, LA0.67CA0.33MN0.9FE0.1O3, PR0.5CA0.5MNO3, SUBSTITUTION

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