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Spitzer microlensing parallax reveals two isolated stars in the Galactic bulge

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Author(s)

Weicheng Zang, Yossi Shvartzvald, Tianshu Wang, Andrzej Udalski, Chung-Uk Lee, Takahiro Sumi, Jesper Skottfelt, Shun-Sheng Li, Shude Mao, Wei Zhu, Jennifer C. Yee, Sebastiano Calchi Novati, Charles A. Beichman, Geoffery Bryden, Sean Carey, B. Scott Gaudi, Calen B. Henderson, Przemek Mróz, Jan Skowron, Radoslaw Poleski & 74 more Michał K. Szymański, Igor Soszyński, Paweł Pietrukowicz, Szymon Kozłowski, Krzysztof Ulaczyk, Krzysztof A. Rybicki, Patryk Iwanek, Etienne Bachelet, Grant Christie, Jonathan Green, Steve Hennerley, Dan Maoz, Tim Natusch, Richard W. Pogge, Rachel A. Street, Yiannis Tsapras, Michael D. Albrow, Sun-Ju Chung, Andrew Gould, Cheongho Han, Kyu-Ha Hwang, Youn Kil Jung, Yoon-Hyun Ryu, In-Gu Shin, Sang-Mok Cha, Dong-Jin Kim, Hyoun-Woo Kim, Seung-Lee Kim, Dong-Joo Lee, Yongseok Lee, Byeong-Gon Park, Richard W. Pogge, Ian A. Bond, Fumio Abe, Richard Barry, David P. Bennett, Aparna Bhattacharya, Martin Donachie, Akihiko Fukui, Yuki Hirao, Yoshitaka Itow, Iona Kondo, Naoki Koshimoto, Man Cheung Alex Li, Yutaka Matsubara, Yasushi Muraki, Shota Miyazaki, Masayuki Nagakane, Clément Ranc, Nicholas J. Rattenbury, Haruno Suematsu, Denis J. Sullivan, Daisuke Suzuki, Paul J. Tristram, Atsunori Yonehara, Martin Dominik, Markus Hundertmark, Uffe G. Jørgensen, Sohrab Rahvar, Sedighe Sajadian, Colin Snodgrass, Valerio Bozza, Martin J. Burgdorf, Daniel F. Evans, Roberto Figuera Jaimes, Yuri I. Fujii, Luigi Mancini, Penelope Longa-Peña, Christiane Helling, Nuno Peixinho, Markus Rabus, John Southworth, Eduardo Unda-Sanzana, Carolina von Essen

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Abstract

We report the mass and distance measurements of two single-lens events from the 2017 Spitzer microlensing campaign. The ground-based observations yield the detection of finite-source effects, and the microlens parallaxes are derived from the joint analysis of ground-based observations and Spitzer observations. We find that the lens of OGLE-2017-BLG-1254 is a 0.60 ± 0.03 M ⊙ star with D LS = 0.53 ± 0.11 kpc, where D LS is the distance between the lens and the source. The second event, OGLE-2017-BLG-1161, is subject to the known satellite parallax degeneracy, and thus is either a 0.51-0.10+0.12 M⊙ star with D LS = 0.40 ± 0.12 kpc or a 0.38-0.12+0.13 M⊙ star with D LS = 0.53 ± 0.19 kpc. Both of the lenses are therefore isolated stars in the Galactic bulge. By comparing the mass and distance distributions of the eight published Spitzer finite-source events with the expectations from a Galactic model, we find that the Spitzer sample is in agreement with the probability of finite-source effects occurring in single-lens events.
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Original languageEnglish
Article number3
Number of pages11
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume891
Issue number1
Early online date27 Feb 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2020

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