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Stick with your group: young children's attitudes about group loyalty

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Stick with your group : young children's attitudes about group loyalty. / Misch, Antonia; Over, Harriet; Carpenter, Malinda.

In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Vol. 126, 10.2014, p. 19-36.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Misch, A, Over, H & Carpenter, M 2014, 'Stick with your group: young children's attitudes about group loyalty', Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, vol. 126, pp. 19-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2014.02.008

APA

Misch, A., Over, H., & Carpenter, M. (2014). Stick with your group: young children's attitudes about group loyalty. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 126, 19-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2014.02.008

Vancouver

Misch A, Over H, Carpenter M. Stick with your group: young children's attitudes about group loyalty. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 2014 Oct;126:19-36. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jecp.2014.02.008

Author

Misch, Antonia ; Over, Harriet ; Carpenter, Malinda. / Stick with your group : young children's attitudes about group loyalty. In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 2014 ; Vol. 126. pp. 19-36.

Bibtex - Download

@article{b0dbcc3264204462a36d907bef0779dd,
title = "Stick with your group: young children's attitudes about group loyalty",
abstract = "For adults, loyalty to the group is highly valued, yet little is known about how children evaluate loyalty. We investigated children{\textquoteright}s attitudes about loyalty in a third-party context. In the first experiment, 4- and 5-year-olds watched a video of two groups competing. Two members of the losing group then spoke. The disloyal individual said she wanted to win and therefore would join the other group. The loyal individual said she also wanted to win but would stay with her group. Children were then asked five forced-choice questions about these two individuals{\textquoteright} niceness, trustworthiness, morality, and deservingness of a reward. The 5-year-olds preferred the loyal person across all questions; results for the 4-year-olds were considerably weaker but in the same direction. The second experiment investigated the direction of the effect in 5-year-olds. In this experiment, children answered questions about either a loyal individual, a disloyal individual, or a neutral individual. Children rated both the loyal and neutral individuals more positively than the disloyal individual across a number of measures. Thus, whereas disloyal behavior is evaluated unfavorably by children, loyal behavior is the expected norm. These results suggest that, at least from 5 years of age, children understand that belonging to a group entails certain commitments. This marks an important step in their own ability to negotiate belonging and become trustworthy and reliable members of their social groups.",
keywords = "Loyalty, Group membership, Group norms, Social–cognitive development, Morality, Trust",
author = "Antonia Misch and Harriet Over and Malinda Carpenter",
note = "Harriet Over was supported by the Economic and Social Research Council (Grant ES/K006702/1).",
year = "2014",
month = oct,
doi = "10.1016/j.jecp.2014.02.008",
language = "English",
volume = "126",
pages = "19--36",
journal = "Journal of Experimental Child Psychology",
issn = "0022-0965",
publisher = "Academic Press Inc.",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Stick with your group

T2 - young children's attitudes about group loyalty

AU - Misch, Antonia

AU - Over, Harriet

AU - Carpenter, Malinda

N1 - Harriet Over was supported by the Economic and Social Research Council (Grant ES/K006702/1).

PY - 2014/10

Y1 - 2014/10

N2 - For adults, loyalty to the group is highly valued, yet little is known about how children evaluate loyalty. We investigated children’s attitudes about loyalty in a third-party context. In the first experiment, 4- and 5-year-olds watched a video of two groups competing. Two members of the losing group then spoke. The disloyal individual said she wanted to win and therefore would join the other group. The loyal individual said she also wanted to win but would stay with her group. Children were then asked five forced-choice questions about these two individuals’ niceness, trustworthiness, morality, and deservingness of a reward. The 5-year-olds preferred the loyal person across all questions; results for the 4-year-olds were considerably weaker but in the same direction. The second experiment investigated the direction of the effect in 5-year-olds. In this experiment, children answered questions about either a loyal individual, a disloyal individual, or a neutral individual. Children rated both the loyal and neutral individuals more positively than the disloyal individual across a number of measures. Thus, whereas disloyal behavior is evaluated unfavorably by children, loyal behavior is the expected norm. These results suggest that, at least from 5 years of age, children understand that belonging to a group entails certain commitments. This marks an important step in their own ability to negotiate belonging and become trustworthy and reliable members of their social groups.

AB - For adults, loyalty to the group is highly valued, yet little is known about how children evaluate loyalty. We investigated children’s attitudes about loyalty in a third-party context. In the first experiment, 4- and 5-year-olds watched a video of two groups competing. Two members of the losing group then spoke. The disloyal individual said she wanted to win and therefore would join the other group. The loyal individual said she also wanted to win but would stay with her group. Children were then asked five forced-choice questions about these two individuals’ niceness, trustworthiness, morality, and deservingness of a reward. The 5-year-olds preferred the loyal person across all questions; results for the 4-year-olds were considerably weaker but in the same direction. The second experiment investigated the direction of the effect in 5-year-olds. In this experiment, children answered questions about either a loyal individual, a disloyal individual, or a neutral individual. Children rated both the loyal and neutral individuals more positively than the disloyal individual across a number of measures. Thus, whereas disloyal behavior is evaluated unfavorably by children, loyal behavior is the expected norm. These results suggest that, at least from 5 years of age, children understand that belonging to a group entails certain commitments. This marks an important step in their own ability to negotiate belonging and become trustworthy and reliable members of their social groups.

KW - Loyalty

KW - Group membership

KW - Group norms

KW - Social–cognitive development

KW - Morality

KW - Trust

U2 - 10.1016/j.jecp.2014.02.008

DO - 10.1016/j.jecp.2014.02.008

M3 - Article

VL - 126

SP - 19

EP - 36

JO - Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

JF - Journal of Experimental Child Psychology

SN - 0022-0965

ER -

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