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Structural transformations and physical properties of (1 - X) Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 - X BaTiO3 solid solutions near a morphotropic phase boundary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Author(s)

Hari Sankar Mohanty, Tapabrata Dam, Hitesh Borkar, Dhiren K. Pradhan, K. K. Mishra, Ashok Kumar, Balaram Sahoo, Pawan K. Kulriya, C. Cazorla, J. F. Scott, Dillip K. Pradhan

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Piezoelectric and other physical properties are significantly enhanced at (or near) a morphotropic phase boundary (MPB) in ferroelectrics. MPB materials have attracted significant attention owing to both fundamental physics as well as the possibility of well-regulated energy and information storage devices which are dominated by lead (Pb)-based materials. Here, we report the crystal structure, Raman spectra, dielectric constant and polarization near the MPB of lead free (1 - x) Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3 - x BaTiO3 (0.00 x 0.10) solid-solution, prepared by sol-gel auto combustion technique and sintered by microwave sintering technique. With the addition of BaTiO3 into Na0.5Bi0.5TiO3, it induces a structural phase transition from R3c (a single phase) to R3c + P4mm (a dual phase) close to x = 0.06 and 0.07 and transform to a high symmetry tetragonal phase P4mm at higher compositions (x = 0.08 to 0.10) as evident from our x-ray Rietveld refinement and Raman spectroscopic results. We perform first-principles calculations based on density functional theory that confirm a structural transition from a rhombohedral to a tetragonal phase under increasing x. In the prepared solid solution, an anomalous enhancement of remnant polarization (2P0r) was observed for x = 0.06 and 0.07, which has been explained based on the existence of the MPB. On the other hand, the value of coercive field E0C was found to be decreased linearly from x = 0.00 to 0.06; it is constant for higher compositions. Further details of the ferroelectric properties on the electric field poled samples have been studied and compared with the as-grown (unpoled) samples.

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Original languageEnglish
Article number075401
JournalJournal of Physics Condensed Matter
Volume31
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2018

    Research areas

  • crystal structure, first-principles calculations, lead-free ferroelectric materials, microwave sintering, morphotropic phase boundary, NBT-BT solid solution

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