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Structure and properties of MgMxCr2-xO4 (M = Li, Mg, Ti, Fe, Cu, Ga) spinels for electrode supports in solid oxide fuel cells

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Author(s)

Elena Stefan, Paul Alexander Connor, Abul Kalam Azad, John Thomas Sirr Irvine

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Abstract

Novel electrode scaffold materials based on chromium-rich spinets, such as MgMxCr2-xO4, = Li, Mg, Ti, Fe, Cu, Ga) have been investigated for solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) applications, in terms of conductivity and chemical stability when operated in fuel environments. Cation distributions were obtained by Rietveld refinement from X-ray diffraction data (XRD), with cation site preference considered in agreement with literature, and correlated with electrical properties determined experimentally. The substitutions with cations such as Li and Cu on B site improved the conductivity of the materials in air, while introducing Fe and Ga in the structure led to a decrease in conductivity in air. However, Fe had a positive contribution under reducing conditions, generating a change in the conductivity mechanism from p-type in air, to n-type. Conductivity measurements indicated that MgFexCr2-xO4 spinets exhibit faster reduction kinetics, in comparison with other substituted cations at the B site which is desirable in fuel cell application, for a reasonably fast response of a cell or a stack to reach its full functional potential. MgFeCrO4 showed fast reduction kinetics, with increase of the conductivity in reducing conditions from 0.014 S cm-1 to 0.4 S cm-1 and equilibration time for reaching the maximum conductivity value of 10 hours, under dry 5% H2/Ar at 850 degrees °C.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)18106-18114
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Materials Chemistry A
Volume2
Issue number42
Early online date19 Sep 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Nov 2014

    Research areas

  • Anode materials, SOFC anode, Surface modification, YSZ, Performance, Composite, Transport, Radii, Ceria, CR

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