Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Subjective health and mental well-being of adolescents and the health promoting school: A cross-sectional multilevel analysis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose – The aim of this paper is to examine the impact of the health promoting school (HPS) on adolescent well-being.

Design/methodology/approach – Data from the 2006 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children: WHO-collaborative Study in Scotland were analysed using multilevel linear regression analyses for outcome measures: happiness, confidence, life satisfaction, feeling left out, helplessness, multiple health complaints (MHC) and self-rated health.

Findings – Particularly high proportions of both boys and girls reported high life satisfaction and no MHC. For the majority of outcomes, mean proportions of young people reporting positive well-being were greater for schools that had or were working towards HPS status compared with those that did not. The odds of young people in a HPS never feeling left out were significantly greater than those in a school with no HPS status (OR=1.54, with 95 per cent CI (1.03, 2.29) for boys, OR=1.60 (1.03, 2.50) for girls). Similarly, among girls, the odds of never feeling helpless were also significantly greater (OR=1.57 (1.07, 2.16)). However, the odds of excellent health were lower for girls in a HPS (OR=0.60 (0.38, 0.95)).

Research limitations/implications – The findings suggest that while achieving an atmosphere of inclusion in schools, the HPS may also have increased awareness of health among girls, but may not have had much influence on life satisfaction, confidence or happiness.

Originality/value – The mental well-being of children and adolescents is a priority area for the World Health Organisation and the Scottish Government. This is a relatively new field with little research undertaken to date looking at the impact of HPS on mental well-being.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-184
JournalHealth Education
Volume112
StatePublished - Mar 2012

    Research areas

  • Adolescent health, Health promoting schools, Mental health, Personal health, Scotland, Young adults, Young people

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. HBSC Briefing paper 24: Mental and emotional well-being in Scottish adolescents

    Cosma, A. P., Rhodes, G., Currie, C. E., Inchley, J. C., Currie, D. B., Hunter, K. J., Neville, F. G. & Whitehead, R. D. 1 Mar 2016 St Andrews: Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit (CAHRU). 6 p. (HBSC Briefing Paper; no. 24)

    Research output: Book/ReportOther report

  2. HBSC Findings 2014: Young Persons’ Report

    Neville, F. G., Whitehead, R. D., Cosma, A. P., Currie, C. E., Currie, D. B. & Inchley, J. C. Mar 2016 Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit (CAHRU). 4 p.

    Research output: Book/ReportOther report

  3. HBSC Briefing paper 23: Subjective health and medicine use among Scottish adolescents

    Cosma, A. P., Rhodes, G., Currie, C. E., Inchley, J. C., Currie, D. B., Neville, F. G., Hunter, K. J. & Whitehead, R. D. Mar 2016 St Andrews: Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit (CAHRU). 6 p. (HBSC Briefing Paper; no. 23)

    Research output: Book/ReportOther report

Related by journal

  1. Walking behaviour among adolescent girls in Scotland: a pilot study

    Kirby, J. L. M. & Inchley, J. 2013 In : Health Education. 113, 1, p. 28-51

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Active Travel to School: Views of 10-13 year old schoolchildren in Scotland

    Kirby, J. L. M. & Inchley, J. C. 2009 In : Health Education. 109, 2, p. 169-183

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Health Promoting School Indicators: schematic models from students

    Nic Gabhainn, S., Sixsmith, J., Delaney, E. N., Moore, M., Inchley, J. C. & O'Higgins, S. 2007 In : Health Education. 107, 6, p. 494-510

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 16954690