Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Surveillance for zoonotic and selected pathogens in harbor seals Phoca vitulina from central California

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Open Access Status

  • Embargoed (until 30/09/19)

Author(s)

Denise J Greig, Frances M D Gulland, Woutrina A Smith, Patricia A Conrad, Cara L Field, Michelle Fleetwood, James T Harvey, Hon S Ip, Spencer Jang, Andrea Packham, Elizabeth Wheeler, Ailsa J Hall

School/Research organisations

Abstract

The infection status of harbor seals Phoca vitulina in central California, USA, was evaluated through broad surveillance for pathogens in stranded and wild-caught animals from 2001 to 2008, with most samples collected in 2007 and 2008. Stranded animals from Mendocino County to San Luis Obispo County were sampled at a rehabilitation facility: The Marine Mammal Center (TMMC, n = 175); wild-caught animals were sampled at 2 locations: San Francisco Bay (SF, n = 78) and Tomales Bay (TB, n = 97), that differed in degree of urbanization. Low prevalences of Salmonella, Campylobacter, Giardia, and Cryptosporidium were detected in the feces of stranded and wild-caught seals. Clostridium perfringens and Escherichia coli were more prevalent in the feces of stranded (58% [78 out of 135] and 76% [102 out of 135]) than wild-caught (42% [45 out of 106] and 66% [68 out of 106]) seals, whereas Vibrio spp. were 16 times more likely to be cultured from the feces of seals from SF than TB or TMMC (p
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-106
Number of pages14
JournalDiseases of Aquatic Organisms
Volume111
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 30 Sep 2014

    Research areas

  • Campylobacter, Leptospira, Influenza, Morillivirus, Neospora, Sarcocystis, Toxoplasma, Vibrio

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Persistent organic pollutant burden, experimental POP exposure, and tissue properties affect metabolic profiles of blubber from gray seal pups

    Robinson, K. J., Hall, A. J., Debier, C., Eppe, G., Thomé, J. P. & Bennett, K. A. 20 Nov 2018 In : Environmental Science and Technology. 52, 22, p. 13523-13534

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Harbor seal pup dispersal and individual morphology, hematology, and contaminant factors affecting survival

    Greig, D. J., Gulland, F. M. D., Harvey, J. T., Lonergan, M. & Hall, A. J. 31 Oct 2018 In : Marine Mammal Science. Early View, 23 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Predicting global killer whale population collapse from PCB pollution

    Desforges, J-P., Hall, A., McConnell, B., Rosing-Asvid, A., Barber, J. L., Brownlow, A., De Guise, S., Eulaers, I., Jepson, P. D., Letcher, R. J., Levin, M., Ross, P. S., Samarra, F., Vikingson, G., Sonne, C. & Dietz, R. 28 Sep 2018 In : Science. 361, 6409, p. 1373-1376 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Prevalence of urogenital carcinoma in stranded california sea lions (Zalophus californianus) from 2005–2015

    Deming, A. C., Colegrove, K. M., Duignan, P. J., Hall, A. J., Wellehan, J. F. X. & Gulland, F. M. D. 2 Mar 2018 In : Journal of Wildlife Diseases. Online First

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Predicting the effects of polychlorinated biphenyls on cetacean populations through impacts on immunity and calf survival

    Hall, A. J., McConnell, B. J., Schwacke, L. H., Ylitalo, G. M., Williams, R. & Rowles, T. K. Feb 2018 In : Environmental Pollution. 233, p. 407-418

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Exposure of harbour seals (Phoca vitulina) to Brucella in declining populations across Scotland

    Kershaw, J. L., Stubberfield, E. J., Foster, G., Brownlow, A., Hall, A. J. & Perrett, L. L. 20 Sep 2017 In : Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 126, 1, p. 12-23

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Brucella antibody seroprevalence in Antarctic seals (Arctocephalus gazella, Leptonychotes weddellii and Mirounga leonina)

    Jensen, S-K., Nymo, I. H., Forcada, J., Hall, A. & Godfroid, J. 3 Sep 2013 In : Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 105, 3, p. 175-181 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Comparison of the 1988 and 2002 phocine distemper epizootics in British harbour seal Phoca vitulina populations

    Lonergan, M., Hall, A., Thompson, H., Thompson, P. M., Pomeroy, P. & Harwood, J. 17 Feb 2010 In : Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 88, 3, p. 183-188 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. A review of the 1988 and 2002 phocine distemper virus epidemics in European harbour seals

    Hall, A. J., Dietz, R., Reijnders, P. J. H., Teilmann, J., Harding, K., Hall, A. J., Brasseur, S. M. J. M., Siebert, U., Goodman, S. J., Jepson, P. D., Dau Rasmussen, T. & Thompson, P. M. 30 Jan 2006 In : Diseases of Aquatic Organisms. 68, p. 115 - 130 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 155830662