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Synthesis and biological evaluation of selected insect neuropeptide analogs modified by D- or L-phenylglycine derivatives

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Author(s)

W. Szeszel-Fedorowicz, G. Rosiński, J. Issberner, R. Osborne, I. Janssen, A. de Loof, D. Konopińska

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Abstract

Novel analogs, modified by L- or D- phenylglycine and p-substituted derivatives, of the neuromodulator proctolin (Arg-Tyr-Leu-Pro-Thr) and of the Trypsin Modulating Oostatic Factor from the gray flesh fly Neobellieria bullata (Neb-TMOF-Asn-Pro-Thr-Asn-Leu-His) were synthesized and checked for activity. Proctolin analogs were modified at position 2: Arg-Phg-Leu-Pro-Thr (I), Arg-D-Phg-Leu-Pro-Thr (II), Arg-Phg(p-OH)-Leu-Pro-Thr (III), Arg-D-Phg(p-OH)- Leu-Pro-Thr (IV), Arg-Phg(p-NO2)-Leu-Pro-Thr (V) Arg-D-Phg(p-NO2)-Leu-Pro-Thr (VI), Arg-Phg(p-NH2)-Leu-Pro-Thr (VII), Arg-D-Phg(p-NH2)-Leu-Pro-Thr (VIII), Arg-Phg(p-N,N-di-Me)-Leu-Pro-Thr (IX), Arg-D-Phg (pp-N,N-di-Me)-Leu-Pro-Thr (X) while analogs of Neb-TMOF underwent modifications at position 6: Asn-Pro-Thr-Asn-Leu-Phg(p-NO2) (XI), Asn-Pro-Thr-Asn-Leu-D-Phg(p-NO2) (XII), Asn-Pro-Thr-Asn-Leu-Phg(p-NH2) (XIII), Asn-Pro-Thr-Asn-Leu-D-Phg(p-NH2) (XIV), Asn-Pro-Thr-Asn-Leu-Phg (p-N,N-di-Me) (XV), Asn-Pro-Thr-Asn-Leu-D- Phg(p-N,N-di-Me) (XVI). Earlier studies on proctolin demonstrated that the presence of the -CH2- group between C-α and the phenyl ring at position 2 of the peptide chain is important for the myotropic activity. Based on these results, we replaced Tyr at position 2 by different phenylglycine derivatives, lacking the methylene group at the side chain. Myotropic activity of the proctolin analogs was assayed in vitro on the semi-isolated heart of the mealworm Tenebrio molitor and on the foregut of the locust Schistocerca gregaria. All analogs (I-X) were practically inactive. For Neb-TMOF, it was previously demonstrated that the exchange of His-6 by p-substituted Phe-derivatives, especially by Phe(p-NH2), an amino acid containing a basic function, results into analogs which inhibit trypsin biosynthesis in the gray fleshly. For this reason these new Neb-TMOF analogs with L- or D-phenylglycine p-substituted derivatives at position 6, were developed and tested (in vivo) in the trypsin biosynthesis assay of the gray fleshly N. bullata. Only analogs XV and XVI slightly inhibited trypsin biosynthesis in the midgut. Because more than 50% of the injected animals died and none of the surviving animals ate much of the liver meal, the lower trypsin level in the gut might be a indirect effect. Other peptides (XI-XIV) had no effect on the level of trypsin biosynthesis in the midgut.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)88-89
Number of pages2
JournalActa Poloniae Pharmaceutica - Drug Research
Volume57
Issue numberSUPPL.
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2000

    Research areas

  • Insect oostatic factor, Insect peptide proctolin, Neb-TMOF, Proctolin, Proctolin analogs, Trypsin modulating oostatic factor

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