Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Temporal variation and characterization of grunt sounds produced by Atlantic cod Gadus morhua and pollack Pollachius pollachius during the spawning season

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Author(s)

Lindsay Joanne Wilson, Mike Burrows, Gordon Drummond Hastie, Ben Wilson

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Fine-scale temporal patterning in grunt production and variation in grunt attributes in Atlantic cod Gadus morhua and pollack Pollachius pollachius was examined. Pollachius pollachius produced only a single sound type, the grunt, similar to that previously described for G. morhua. Sound production and egg production were correlated in P. pollachius but not in G. morhua. Only G. morhua displayed a strongly cyclical pattern, producing more grunts at night. Finer-scale temporal patterning in grunt production was observed in both species which produced significantly fewer grunts following a period of high grunt production. These quieter periods lasted up to 45 min for P. pollachius and up to 1h in G. morhua. Grunts were not always produced in isolation but organized into bouts in both species. Longer bouts were more frequent during periods of increased sound activity and were linked with changes in grunt characteristics including increased grunt duration, pulse duration and repetition period of each pulse combined with decreased dominant frequency. This study provides the first evidence of acoustic signalling being used by spawning P. pollachius and presents the most detailed analysis of the complexity of gadoid sound production.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1014–1030
JournalJournal of Fish Biology
Volume84
Issue number4
Early online date19 Mar 2014
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 2014

    Research areas

  • Acoustic Communication, Acoustic Signal, Gadoid, Mate Choice, Sound Production

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Harbour seals avoid tidal turbine noise: implications for collision risk

    Hastie, G. D., Russell, D. J. F., Lepper, P., Elliott, J., Wilson, B., Benjamins, S. & Thompson, D. Mar 2018 In : Journal of Applied Ecology. 55, 2, p. 684-693 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Seals and shipping: quantifying population risk and individual exposure to vessel noise

    Jones, E. L., Hastie, G. D., Smout, S., Onoufriou, J., Merchant, N. D., Brookes, K. L. & Thompson, D. Dec 2017 In : Journal of Applied Ecology. 54, 6, p. 1930-1940

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Mitigation of harm during a novel behavioural response study involving active sonar and wild cetaceans

    Southall, B., Quick, N. J., Hastie, G. D., Tyack, P. L. & Boyd, I. L. 27 Oct 2017 In : Journal of Cetacean Research and Management. 16, p. 29-38 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Harbour porpoise distribution can vary at small spatiotemporal scales in energetic habitats

    Benjamins, S., van Geel, N., Hastie, G., Elliott, J. & Wilson, B. Jul 2017 In : Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography. 141, p. 191-202 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Responses of bottlenose dolphins and harbor porpoises to impact and vibration piling noise during harbor construction

    Graham, I., Pirotta, E., Merchant, N., Farcas, A., Barton, T., Cheney, B., Hastie, G. D. & Thompson, P. May 2017 In : Ecosphere. 8, 5, 16 p., e01793

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Journal of Fish Biology (Journal)

    Matthews, I. M. (Reviewer)
    2001 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPeer review of manuscripts

Related by journal

  1. Consistency of fish‐shoal social network structure under laboratory conditions

    Gaffney, K. A. & Webster, M. M. 6 Apr 2018 In : Journal of Fish Biology. Early View, 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. On the challenges and opportunities facing fish biology: a discussion of five key knowledge gaps

    Jacobs, A., Doran, C., Murray, D. S., Duffill Telsnig, J., Laskowski, K. L., Jones, N. A. R., Auer, S. K. & Praebel, K. 14 Mar 2018 In : Journal of Fish Biology. 92, 3, p. 690-698

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Precision and accuracy of Dahl-Lea back-calculated smolt lengths from adult scales of Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar L.)

    Hanson, N. N., Smith, G. W., Middlemas, S. J. & Todd, C. D. 27 Dec 2018 In : Journal of Fish Biology. Early View

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 106302451