Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

The awareness of novelty for strangely familiar words: a laboratory analogue of the déjà vu experience

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Open Access permissions

Open

Author(s)

Josephine Urquhart, Akira Robert O'Connor

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Déjà vu is a nebulous memory experience defined by a clash between evaluations of familiarity and novelty for the same stimulus. We sought to generate it in the laboratory by pairing a DRM recognition task, which generates erroneous familiarity for critical words, with a monitoring task by which participants realise that some of these erroneously familiar words are in fact novel. We tested 30 participants in an experiment in which we varied both participant awareness of stimulus novelty and erroneous familiarity strength. We found that déjà vu reports were most frequent for high novelty critical words (~25%), with low novelty critical words yielding only baseline levels of déjà vu report frequency (~10%). There was no significant variation in déjà vu report frequency according to familiarity strength. Discursive accounts of the experimentally-generated déjà vu experience suggest that aspects of the naturalistic déjà vu experience were captured by this analogue, but that the analogue was also limited in its focus and prone to influence by demand characteristics. We discuss theoretical and methodological considerations relevant to further development of this procedure and propose that verifiable novelty is an important component of both naturalistic and experimental analogues of déjà vu.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere666
Number of pages20
JournalPeerJ
DOIs
StatePublished - 11 Nov 2014

    Research areas

  • Recognition, Memory, Deja vu, Familiarity, Novelty

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Déjà vu experiences in anxiety

    Wells, C., O'Connor, A. R. & Moulin, C. 1 Nov 2018 In : Memory. In press

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. fMRI evidence supporting the role of memory conflict in the déjà vu experience

    Urquhart, J. A., Sivakumaran, M. H., Macfarlane, J. A. & O'Connor, A. R. 20 Sep 2018 In : Memory. Latest Articles

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. How accurate are runners’ prospective predictions of their race times?

    Liverakos, K., McIntosh, K., Moulin, C. & O'Connor, A. R. 1 Aug 2018 In : PLoS One. 13, 8, 24 p., e0200744

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. The discrimination ratio derived from novel object recognition tasks as a measure of recognition memory sensitivity, not bias

    Sivakumaran, M. H., MacKenzie, A. K., Callan, I. R., Ainge, J. A. & O'Connor, A. R. 1 Aug 2018 In : Scientific Reports. 8, 11579

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Constructing and model-fitting receiver operator characteristics using continuous data

    Urquhart, J. A. & O'Connor, A. R. 20 Apr 2018 In : PsyArxiv.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. A short, robust brain activation control task optimised for pharmacological fMRI studies

    Harvey, J-L., Demetriou, L., McGonigle, J. & Wall, M. B. 11 Sep 2018 In : PeerJ. 6, 18 p., e5540

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) display limited behavioural flexibility when faced with a changing foraging task requiring tool use

    Harrison, R. A. & Whiten, A. 19 Feb 2018 In : PeerJ. 6, 28 p., e4366

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Chronological age, biological age, and individual variation in the stress response in the European starling: a follow-up study

    Gott, A., Andrews, C., Hormigos, M. L., Spencer, K., Bateson, M. & Nettle, D. 23 Oct 2018 In : PeerJ. 6, 19 p., 5842

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Moving to 3D: relationships between coral planar area, surface area and volume

    House, J. E., Brambilla, V., Bidaut, L. M., Christie, A. P., Pizarro, O., Madin, J. S. & Dornelas, M. 6 Feb 2018 In : PeerJ. 6, 19 p., e4280

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Sex differences in the use of social information emerge under conditions of risk

    Brand, C. O., Brown, G. R. & Cross, C. P. 3 Jan 2018 In : PeerJ. 6, 18 p., e4190

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. PeerJ (Journal)

    Ferrier, D. E. K. (Member of editorial board)
    2017 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

  2. PeerJ (Journal)

    Ozakinci, G. (Editor)
    2015

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

  3. PeerJ (Journal)

    Somorjai, I. M. L. (Reviewer)
    2015 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPeer review of manuscripts

  4. PeerJ (Journal)

    Dornelas, M. (Member of editorial board)
    2014 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

ID: 155974633