Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

The Changing Landscape of Prehistoric Orkney

Research output: ResearchChapter

DOI

Abstract

The existence of a submerged landscape that may preserve Holocene material around the UK has long been postulated. In recent years, major advances in techniques of sea-floor and subsea-floor survey together with advances in GIS modeling have provided the foundation for the refinement of regional topography, different patterns of inundation and archaeological survival. Research has necessarily focused on the broadscale and relied on generalised modelled data in order to provide overall interpretation, but the challenge for archaeology is to approach human experience at a variety of scales down to the local level. The Orkney archipelago in the north of Scotland provides an ideal location to investigate the changing landscape of the early Holocene because of active relative sea-level rise, locations of sediment preservation and the nature of the archaeological remains. This paper presents the results of research at different scales from the general to the local. In this way we hope to generate discussion regarding analysis of the interplay between natural landscape change and human activity associated with the changing patterns of relative sea level that occurred throughout the Mesolithic and Neolithic. The results show that an interdisciplinary approach can provide valuable information to investigate human behavior in response to natural changes.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Ecology of Early Settlement in Northern Europe - Conditions for Subsistence and Survival (Volume 1) - Per Persson
Volume1
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2017

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. 150,000-year palaeoclimate record from northern Ethiopia supports early, multiple dispersals of modern humans from Africa

    Lamb, H., Bates, C. R., Bryant, C., Davies, S., Huws, D., Marshall, M. & Roberts, H. 18 Jan 2018 In : Scientific Reports. 8, 7 p., 1077

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  2. Northern North Sea and Atlantic Northwest Approaches

    Dawson, S., Bates, C. R., Wickham Jones, C. & Dawson, A. Jun 2017 Submerged Landscapes of the European Continentalo Shelf, Wuaternary Paleoenvironments. Flemming, N. (ed.). Wiley-Blackwell, p. 187-210

    Research output: ResearchChapter

  3. The Quaternary evolution of the Lower Medway: new evidence from beneath the flood plain

    bates, M., Bates, C. R. & Briant, R. 2017 Between the Thames and the Medway: Archaeological excavations on teh Hoo Peninsula and its environs. Dawkes, G. (ed.). spoilheap Publications, p. 9-64

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewChapter (peer-reviewed)

  4. Rethinking human responses to sea-level rise: the Mesolithic occupation of the Channel Islands

    Conneller, C., Bates, M., Bates, R., Schadla-Hall, T., Blinkhorn, E., Cole, J., Pope, M., Scott, B., Shaw, A. & Underhill, D. Dec 2016 In : Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society. 82, p. 27-71 45 p.

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

ID: 248908678