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The cycladic blueschist unit on Tinos, Greece: cold NE subduction and SW-directed extrusion of the cycladic continental margin under the Tsiknias Ophiolite

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Author(s)

Thomas N. Lamont, Michael P. Searle, Phillip Gopon, Nick M. W. Roberts, Jon Wade, Richard M. Palin, David J. Waters

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Abstract

High pressure–low temperature (HP–LT ) metamorphic rocks structurally beneath the Tsiknias Ophiolite, make up the interior of Tinos Island, Greece, but their relationship with the overlying ophiolite is poorly understood. Here, new field observations are integrated with petrological modelling of eclogite and blueschists to provide new insight into their tectono‐thermal evolution. Pseudomorphed lawsonite‐, garnet‐, and glaucophane‐bearing schists exposed at the highest structural levels of Tinos (Kionnia and Pyrgos Subunits) reached ca. 22–26 kbar and 490–520 °C under water‐saturated conditions, whereas pseudomorphed lawsonite‐ and aegirine‐omphacite bearing eclogite reached ca. 20–23 kbar and 530–570 °C. These rocks are separated from rocks at deeper structural levels (Sostis Subunit) by a top‐to‐SW thrust. The Sostis Subunit records P–T conditions of ca. 18.5 kbar and 480–510 °C and is overprinted by pervasive top‐to‐NE shearing that developed during exhumation from (M1) blueschist to (M2) greenschist‐facies conditions of ca. 7.3 ± 0.7 kbar and 536 ± 16 °C. These P–T–D relationships suggest that the Cycladic Blueschist Unit, represents a discrete series of tectono‐metamorphic subunits that each experienced different tectonic and thermal histories. These subunits were buried to variable depths and sequentially extruded towards the SW from a NE‐dipping subduction zone. The difference in age and P–T conditions between the HP–LT rocks and the overlying metamorphic sole of the Tsiknias Ophiolite, suggest this NE‐dipping subduction zone, was active between ca. 74 and 46 Ma, and cooled at a minimum rate of ~1.2–1.5 °C/km/Myr prior to continent‐continent collision between Eurasia and Adria/Cyclades.
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Original languageEnglish
Article numbere2019TC005890
Number of pages45
JournalTectonics
Volume39
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22 Sep 2020

    Research areas

  • Lawsonite, Petrological modelling, Cycladic Blueschist Unit, Extrusion tectonics, Tinos

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