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The development of historic field systems in northern England: a case study at Wallington, Northumberland

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The development of historic field systems in northern England : a case study at Wallington, Northumberland. / Vervust, Soetkin; Kinnaird, Tim; Dabaut, Niels; Turner, Sam.

In: Landscape History, Vol. 41, No. 2, 13.12.2020, p. 57-70.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Vervust, S, Kinnaird, T, Dabaut, N & Turner, S 2020, 'The development of historic field systems in northern England: a case study at Wallington, Northumberland', Landscape History, vol. 41, no. 2, pp. 57-70. https://doi.org/10.1080/01433768.2020.1835183

APA

Vervust, S., Kinnaird, T., Dabaut, N., & Turner, S. (2020). The development of historic field systems in northern England: a case study at Wallington, Northumberland. Landscape History, 41(2), 57-70. https://doi.org/10.1080/01433768.2020.1835183

Vancouver

Vervust S, Kinnaird T, Dabaut N, Turner S. The development of historic field systems in northern England: a case study at Wallington, Northumberland. Landscape History. 2020 Dec 13;41(2):57-70. https://doi.org/10.1080/01433768.2020.1835183

Author

Vervust, Soetkin ; Kinnaird, Tim ; Dabaut, Niels ; Turner, Sam. / The development of historic field systems in northern England : a case study at Wallington, Northumberland. In: Landscape History. 2020 ; Vol. 41, No. 2. pp. 57-70.

Bibtex - Download

@article{9046ed9d57244128b9e309a41c3c9ae2,
title = "The development of historic field systems in northern England: a case study at Wallington, Northumberland",
abstract = "Wallington in central Northumberland is a late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century country house with associated pleasure grounds. Much of the surrounding estate is agricultural land, though there are also expanses of moorland and conifer plantation. The character of Wallington{\textquoteright}s landscape, now divided into fifteen separate farm holdings, was to a large extent shaped by estate management practices and improvements in the eighteenth– nineteenth centuries. Today{\textquoteright}s settlement pattern is made up largely of dispersed farmsteads, with field systems which reflect the orderly rectilinear layout of planned enclosure, being separated mainly by long and fairly straight stonefaced banks. In medieval and early modern times, by contrast, the landscape is thought to have been quite different, with nucleated villages set amidst irregular open fields which were farmed collectively. The process of long-term landscape change from open to enclosed field systems has been inferred across the whole of Northumberland but it can be difficult to understand in detail. Absolute dating evidence for field systems before the eighteenth century is generally lacking and the origins and development of historic earthworks including boundary banks and the remains of arable farming are poorly understood. This paper presents results of research which used retrogressive landscape analysis (based on documentary evidence, archaeological data, aerial photographs, and historic cartography) to identify five areas for detailed geoarchaeological investigation and sampling with optically stimulated luminescence profiling and dating (OSL-PD). The results provide new perspectives on the development of landscape character at Wallington which have wider relevance for north-east England and beyond.",
keywords = "Field boundaries, GIS, historic landscape character, optically-stimulated luminescence profiling and dating, OSL",
author = "Soetkin Vervust and Tim Kinnaird and Niels Dabaut and Sam Turner",
note = "This project has received funding from the FWO and the European Union{\textquoteright}s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Marie Sk{\l}odowska-Curie grant agreement No. 665501.",
year = "2020",
month = dec,
day = "13",
doi = "10.1080/01433768.2020.1835183",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "57--70",
journal = "Landscape History",
issn = "0143-3768",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis",
number = "2",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The development of historic field systems in northern England

T2 - a case study at Wallington, Northumberland

AU - Vervust, Soetkin

AU - Kinnaird, Tim

AU - Dabaut, Niels

AU - Turner, Sam

N1 - This project has received funding from the FWO and the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under Marie Skłodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 665501.

PY - 2020/12/13

Y1 - 2020/12/13

N2 - Wallington in central Northumberland is a late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century country house with associated pleasure grounds. Much of the surrounding estate is agricultural land, though there are also expanses of moorland and conifer plantation. The character of Wallington’s landscape, now divided into fifteen separate farm holdings, was to a large extent shaped by estate management practices and improvements in the eighteenth– nineteenth centuries. Today’s settlement pattern is made up largely of dispersed farmsteads, with field systems which reflect the orderly rectilinear layout of planned enclosure, being separated mainly by long and fairly straight stonefaced banks. In medieval and early modern times, by contrast, the landscape is thought to have been quite different, with nucleated villages set amidst irregular open fields which were farmed collectively. The process of long-term landscape change from open to enclosed field systems has been inferred across the whole of Northumberland but it can be difficult to understand in detail. Absolute dating evidence for field systems before the eighteenth century is generally lacking and the origins and development of historic earthworks including boundary banks and the remains of arable farming are poorly understood. This paper presents results of research which used retrogressive landscape analysis (based on documentary evidence, archaeological data, aerial photographs, and historic cartography) to identify five areas for detailed geoarchaeological investigation and sampling with optically stimulated luminescence profiling and dating (OSL-PD). The results provide new perspectives on the development of landscape character at Wallington which have wider relevance for north-east England and beyond.

AB - Wallington in central Northumberland is a late seventeenth- and early eighteenth-century country house with associated pleasure grounds. Much of the surrounding estate is agricultural land, though there are also expanses of moorland and conifer plantation. The character of Wallington’s landscape, now divided into fifteen separate farm holdings, was to a large extent shaped by estate management practices and improvements in the eighteenth– nineteenth centuries. Today’s settlement pattern is made up largely of dispersed farmsteads, with field systems which reflect the orderly rectilinear layout of planned enclosure, being separated mainly by long and fairly straight stonefaced banks. In medieval and early modern times, by contrast, the landscape is thought to have been quite different, with nucleated villages set amidst irregular open fields which were farmed collectively. The process of long-term landscape change from open to enclosed field systems has been inferred across the whole of Northumberland but it can be difficult to understand in detail. Absolute dating evidence for field systems before the eighteenth century is generally lacking and the origins and development of historic earthworks including boundary banks and the remains of arable farming are poorly understood. This paper presents results of research which used retrogressive landscape analysis (based on documentary evidence, archaeological data, aerial photographs, and historic cartography) to identify five areas for detailed geoarchaeological investigation and sampling with optically stimulated luminescence profiling and dating (OSL-PD). The results provide new perspectives on the development of landscape character at Wallington which have wider relevance for north-east England and beyond.

KW - Field boundaries

KW - GIS

KW - historic landscape character

KW - optically-stimulated luminescence profiling and dating

KW - OSL

U2 - 10.1080/01433768.2020.1835183

DO - 10.1080/01433768.2020.1835183

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85097560972

VL - 41

SP - 57

EP - 70

JO - Landscape History

JF - Landscape History

SN - 0143-3768

IS - 2

ER -

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