Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

The development of selective copying: children's learning from an expert versus their mother

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Author(s)

Amanda J. Lucas, Emily R. R. Burdett, Vanessa Burgess, Lara A. Wood, Nicola McGuigan, Paul L. Harris, Andrew Whiten

School/Research organisations

Abstract

This study tested the prediction that, with age, children should rely less on familiarity and more on expertise in their selective social learning. Experiment 1 (N = 50) found that 5- to 6-year-olds copied the technique their mother used to extract a prize from a novel puzzle box, in preference to both a stranger and an established expert. This bias occurred despite children acknowledging the expert model's superior capability. Experiment 2 (N = 50) demonstrated a shift in 7- to 8-year-olds toward copying the expert. Children aged 9–10 years did not copy according to a model bias. The findings of a follow-up study (N = 30) confirmed that, instead, they prioritized their own—partially flawed—causal understanding of the puzzle box.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages17
JournalChild Development
VolumeEarly View
Early online date29 Dec 2016
DOIs
StateE-pub ahead of print - 29 Dec 2016

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. A second inheritance system: the extension of biology through culture

    Whiten, A. 6 Oct 2017 In : Interface Focus. 7, 5, 16 p., 20160142

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Acquisition of a socially learned tool use sequence in chimpanzees: implications for cumulative culture

    Vale, G. L., Davis, S. J., Lambeth, S. P., Schapiro, S. J. & Whiten, A. Sep 2017 In : Evolution and Human Behavior. 38, 5, p. 635-644 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Resilience of experimentally-seeded dietary traditions in wild vervets: evidence from group fissions

    van de Waal, E., van Schaik, C. P. & Whiten, A. 1 Aug 2017 In : American Journal of Primatology. Early View

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Adaptive cultural transmission biases in children and nonhuman primates

    Price, E. E., Wood, L. A. & Whiten, A. Aug 2017 In : Infant Behavior and Development. 48, Part A, p. 45-53 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  5. The extension of biology through culture

    Whiten, A., Ayala, F., Feldman, M. W. & Laland, K. N. 24 Jul 2017 In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Early Edition, 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. The early emergence of guilt-motivated prosocial behavior

    Vaish, A., Carpenter, M. & Tomasello, M. 7 Nov 2016 In : Child Development. 87, 6, p. 1772-1782 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Imitation, collaboration, and their interaction among Western and Indigenous Australian preschool children

    Nielsen, M., Mushin, I., Tomaselli, K. & Whiten, A. 18 May 2016 In : Child Development. 87, 3, p. 795-806 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Where Culture Takes Hold: "Overimitation" and Its Flexible Deployment in Western, Aboriginal, and Bushmen Children

    Nielsen, M., Mushin, I., Tomaselli, K. & Whiten, A. 1 Nov 2014 In : Child Development. 85, 6, p. 2169-2184 16 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Learning from their own actions: the unique effect of producing actions on infants’ action understanding

    Gerson, S. & Woodward, A. Feb 2014 In : Child Development. 85, 1, p. 264-277

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 248684787