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The effect of charge reversal mutations in the alpha-helical region of liver fatty acid binding protein on the binding of fatty-acyl CoAs, lysophospholipids and bile acids

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


R M Hagan, J K Davies, D C Wilton

School/Research organisations


Liver fatty acid binding protein (LFABP) is unique among the various types of FABPs in that it can bind a variety of ligands in addition to fatty acids. LFABP is able to bind long chain fatty acids with a 2: 1 stoichiometry and the crystal structure has identified two fatty acid binding sites in the binding cavity. The presumed primary site ( site 1) involves the fatty acid binding with the carboxylate group buried in the cavity whereas the fatty acid at site 2 has the carboxylate group solvent-exposed within the ligand portal region and in the vicinity of alpha-helix II. The alpha-helical region contains three cationic residues, K20, K31, K33 and modelling studies suggest that K31 on alpha-helix II could make an electrostatic contribution to anionic ligands binding to site 2. The preparation of three charge reversal mutants of LFABP, K20E, K31E and K33E has allowed an investigation of the role of site 2 in ligand binding, particularly those ligands with a bulky anionic head group. The binding of oleoyl CoA, lysophosphatidic acid, lysophosphatidylcholine, lithocholic acid and taurolithocholate 3-sulphate to LFABP has been studied using the alpha-helical mutants. The results support the concept that such ligands bind at site 2 of LFABP where solvent exposure allows the accommodation of their bulky anionic group.



Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)55-60
Number of pages6
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2002

    Research areas

  • liver FABP, lysophospholipid, bile acid, acyl CoA, DAUDA, charge reversal mutagenesis, RAT-LIVER, COMPLEX, SALTS

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    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 5803947