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The effect of contrast polarity reversal on face detection: evidence of perceptual asymmetry from sweep VEP

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Author(s)

J. Liu-Shuang, J.M. Ales, B. Rossion, A.M. Norcia

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Contrast polarity inversion (i.e., turning dark regions light and vice versa) impairs face perception. We investigated the perceptual asymmetry between positive and negative polarity faces (matched for overall luminance) using a sweep VEP approach in the context of face detection (Journal of Vision 12 (2012) 1-18). Phase-scrambled face stimuli alternated at a rate of 3. Hz (6. images/s). The phase coherence of every other stimulus was parametrically increased so that a face gradually emerged over a 20-s stimulation sequence, leading to a 3. Hz response reflecting face detection. Contrary to the 6. Hz response, reflecting low-level visual processing, this 3. Hz response was larger and emerged earlier over right occipito-temporal channels for positive than negative polarity faces. Moreover, the 3. Hz response emerged abruptly to positive polarity faces, whereas it increased linearly for negative polarity faces. In another condition, alternating between a positive and a negative polarity face also elicited a strong 3. Hz response, indicating an asymmetrical representation of positive and negative polarity faces even at supra-threshold levels (i.e., when both stimuli were perceived as faces). Overall, these findings demonstrate distinct perceptual representations of positive and negative polarity faces, independently of low-level cues, and suggest qualitatively different detection processes (template-based matching for positive polarity faces vs. linear accumulation of evidence for negative polarity faces).
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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-19
Number of pages12
JournalVision Research
Volume108
Early online date13 Jan 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015

    Research areas

  • Face perception, Contrast reversal, EEG, SSVEP, Sweep VEP, Phase coherance scrambling

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