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The effects of collaboration and minimal-group membership on children's prosocial behavior, liking, affiliation, and trust

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Author(s)

Maria Plötner, Harriet Over, Malinda Carpenter, Michael Tomasello

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Recent theoretical work has highlighted potential links between interpersonal collaboration and group membership in the evolution of human sociality. Here we compared the effects of collaboration and minimal-group membership on young children's prosocial behavior (i.e., helping and resource allocation), liking, affiliation, and trust. In a design that matched as closely as possible these two ways of connecting with others, we showed that 5-year-olds' behavior was affected similarly by collaboration and minimal-group membership; both increased children's preference for their partners on multiple dimensions and produced overall effects of a similar magnitude. In contrast, 3.5-year-olds did not have a strong preference for either collaborators or minimal in-group members. Thus, both collaboration and minimal-group membership are similarly effective in their influence on children's prosocial behavior and social preferences.
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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-173
JournalJournal of Experimental Child Psychology
Volume139
Early online date23 Jun 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015

    Research areas

  • Affiliation, Collaboration, Cooperation, Developmental psychology, Minimal groups, Prosociality, Trust

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