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The evolution of a disparity decision in human visual cortex

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Author(s)

Benoit R Cottereau, Justin M Ales, Anthony M Norcia

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Abstract

We used fMRI-informed EEG source-imaging in humans to characterize the dynamics of cortical responses during a disparity-discrimination task. After the onset of a disparity-defined target, decision-related activity was found within an extended cortical network that included several occipital regions of interest (ROIs): V4, V3A, hMT+ and the Lateral Occipital Complex (LOC). By using a response-locked analysis, we were able to determine the timing relationships in this network of ROIs relative to the subject's behavioral response. Choice-related activity appeared first in the V4 ROI almost 200 ms before the button press and then subsequently in the V3A ROI. Modeling of the responses in the V4 ROI suggests that this area provides an early contribution to disparity discrimination. Choice-related responses were also found after the button-press in ROIs V4, V3A, LOC and hMT+. Outside the visual cortex, choice-related activity was found in the frontal and temporal poles before the button-press. By combining the spatial resolution of fMRI-informed EEG source imaging with the ability to sort out neural activity occurring before, during and after the behavioral manifestation of the decision, our study is the first to assign distinct functional roles to the extra-striate ROIs involved in perceptual decisions based on disparity, the primary cue for depth.

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Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)193-206
Number of pages14
JournalNeuroImage
Volume92
Early online date8 Feb 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2014

    Research areas

  • Decision making, Binocular vision, EEG, Neural imaging, Disparity processing

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