Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

The extent and effects of patient involvement in pictogram design for written drug information: a short systematic review

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article


Mara M. van Beusekom, Anne H. Kerkhoven, Mark J.W. Bos, Henk-Jan Guchelaar, Jos M. van den Broek

School/Research organisations


This short review provides insight into the extent and effectiveness of patient involvement in the design and evaluation of pictograms to support patient drug information. Pubmed, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Embase, PsycINFO, Academic Search Premier and Web of Science were searched systematically; the 73 included articles were evaluated with the MMAT. We see that, usually, non-patient end-users are involved in the design of pharmaceutical pictograms - patients are more commonly involved in the final evaluation of pictogram success. Repeated involvement of (non-)patients aids the design of effective pharmaceutical pictograms, although there is limited evidence for such effects on patient perception of drug information or health behaviour.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1312-1318
Number of pages7
JournalDrug Discovery Today
Issue number6
Early online date7 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

    Research areas

  • Drug Labeling, Humans, Patient Participation

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. rEACH, research committee of EACH: Updates on activities

    Pieterse, A., Schouten, B., Amann, J., van Beusekom, M. M., Hillen, M. & van Weel-Baumgarten, E., 23 Jul 2019, 9 ed. 2 p. (Patient Education and Counseling)

    Research output: Book/ReportOther report

  2. Communication skills training for the radiotherapy team to manage cancer patients’ emotional concerns: a systematic review

    van Beusekom, M. M., Cameron, J., Bedi, C., Banks, E. & Humphris, G. M., 20 Apr 2019, In : BMJ Open. 9, 11 p., e025420.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  3. Express rather than impress: Benefits of the rEACH summer school for early-career researchers in the field of health communication

    Amann, J., Jongerius, C., Palis, H., Rossi, M. G., Altendorf, M., van Beusekom, M. M., de Looper, M., Medendorp, N., Ofstad, E., Houwen, J. & Duprez, V., Feb 2019, 2 p. (Patient Education and Counseling)

    Research output: Book/ReportOther report

  4. Pharmaceutical pictograms for low-literate patients: understanding, risk of false confidence, and evidence-based design strategies

    van Beusekom, M. M., Land-Zandstra, A. M., Bos, M. J. W., van den Broek, J. M. & Guchelaar, H-J., May 2017, In : Patient Education and Counseling. 100, 5, p. 966-973 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. The implications of model–informed drug discovery and development for tuberculosis

    Muliaditan, M., Davies, G. R., Simonsson, U. S. H., Gillespie, S. H. & Pasqua, O. D., Mar 2017, In : Drug Discovery Today. 22, 3, p. 481-486 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Recent progress in antiretrovirals - lessons from resistance

    Adamson, C. S. & Freed, E. O., May 2008, In : Drug Discovery Today. 13, 9-10, p. 424-432

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 259562502