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The Failed European Union: Franco-German Relations during the Great Depression of 1929-32

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The Failed European Union : Franco-German Relations during the Great Depression of 1929-32. / Fischer, Conan James.

In: The International History Review, Vol. 34, No. 4, 10.12.2012, p. 705-724.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Fischer, CJ 2012, 'The Failed European Union: Franco-German Relations during the Great Depression of 1929-32', The International History Review, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 705-724. https://doi.org/10.1080/07075332.2012.690192

APA

Fischer, C. J. (2012). The Failed European Union: Franco-German Relations during the Great Depression of 1929-32. The International History Review, 34(4), 705-724. https://doi.org/10.1080/07075332.2012.690192

Vancouver

Fischer CJ. The Failed European Union: Franco-German Relations during the Great Depression of 1929-32. The International History Review. 2012 Dec 10;34(4):705-724. https://doi.org/10.1080/07075332.2012.690192

Author

Fischer, Conan James. / The Failed European Union : Franco-German Relations during the Great Depression of 1929-32. In: The International History Review. 2012 ; Vol. 34, No. 4. pp. 705-724.

Bibtex - Download

@article{9c3048cc0a85406cac2b11df116ba811,
title = "The Failed European Union: Franco-German Relations during the Great Depression of 1929-32",
abstract = "French scholars have led a revival of interest in inter-war efforts at European integration and the prominent role played by the French Foreign Minister, Aristide Briand. Franco-German rapprochement was integral to this effort, but with the death in October 1929 of his like-minded German counterpart, Gustav Stresemann, it is generally held that Berlin adopted a more confrontational foreign policy even before Hitler took power. However, this article demonstrates that in spite of a series of upsets, an intense and sustained effort continued during the years of the Great Depression (1929–32) to forge Franco-German d{\'e}tente. This culminated in September 1931 in a Franco-German treaty that established the mechanisms for far-reaching integration of the two countries{\textquoteright} economies, with a customs union and European union as the ultimate goals. It then examines in detail how and why this remarkable effort collapsed during 1932, paying particular attention to an unforeseen crisis in trading relations and the impact of a media scandal surrounding the publication of Stresemann's memoirs. Despite this failure, efforts to integrate Europe around a Franco-German axis between 1929 and 1932 can nonetheless be understood as part of a deeper process that survived Hitler and saw the emergence of the current European Union.",
keywords = "France, Germany, European Integration",
author = "Fischer, {Conan James}",
note = "Now published online: ISSN 1949-6540. Hard copy appearing December",
year = "2012",
month = dec,
day = "10",
doi = "10.1080/07075332.2012.690192",
language = "English",
volume = "34",
pages = "705--724",
journal = "The International History Review",
issn = "0707-5332",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "4",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The Failed European Union

T2 - Franco-German Relations during the Great Depression of 1929-32

AU - Fischer, Conan James

N1 - Now published online: ISSN 1949-6540. Hard copy appearing December

PY - 2012/12/10

Y1 - 2012/12/10

N2 - French scholars have led a revival of interest in inter-war efforts at European integration and the prominent role played by the French Foreign Minister, Aristide Briand. Franco-German rapprochement was integral to this effort, but with the death in October 1929 of his like-minded German counterpart, Gustav Stresemann, it is generally held that Berlin adopted a more confrontational foreign policy even before Hitler took power. However, this article demonstrates that in spite of a series of upsets, an intense and sustained effort continued during the years of the Great Depression (1929–32) to forge Franco-German détente. This culminated in September 1931 in a Franco-German treaty that established the mechanisms for far-reaching integration of the two countries’ economies, with a customs union and European union as the ultimate goals. It then examines in detail how and why this remarkable effort collapsed during 1932, paying particular attention to an unforeseen crisis in trading relations and the impact of a media scandal surrounding the publication of Stresemann's memoirs. Despite this failure, efforts to integrate Europe around a Franco-German axis between 1929 and 1932 can nonetheless be understood as part of a deeper process that survived Hitler and saw the emergence of the current European Union.

AB - French scholars have led a revival of interest in inter-war efforts at European integration and the prominent role played by the French Foreign Minister, Aristide Briand. Franco-German rapprochement was integral to this effort, but with the death in October 1929 of his like-minded German counterpart, Gustav Stresemann, it is generally held that Berlin adopted a more confrontational foreign policy even before Hitler took power. However, this article demonstrates that in spite of a series of upsets, an intense and sustained effort continued during the years of the Great Depression (1929–32) to forge Franco-German détente. This culminated in September 1931 in a Franco-German treaty that established the mechanisms for far-reaching integration of the two countries’ economies, with a customs union and European union as the ultimate goals. It then examines in detail how and why this remarkable effort collapsed during 1932, paying particular attention to an unforeseen crisis in trading relations and the impact of a media scandal surrounding the publication of Stresemann's memoirs. Despite this failure, efforts to integrate Europe around a Franco-German axis between 1929 and 1932 can nonetheless be understood as part of a deeper process that survived Hitler and saw the emergence of the current European Union.

KW - France, Germany, European Integration

U2 - 10.1080/07075332.2012.690192

DO - 10.1080/07075332.2012.690192

M3 - Article

VL - 34

SP - 705

EP - 724

JO - The International History Review

JF - The International History Review

SN - 0707-5332

IS - 4

ER -

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