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The genome sequence of the wisent (Bison bonasus)

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The genome sequence of the wisent (Bison bonasus). / Wang, Kun; Wang, Lizhong; Lenstra, Johannes A.; Jian, Jianbo; Yang, Yongzhi; Hu, Quanjun; Lai, Deyong; Qiu, Qiang; Ma, Tao; Du, Zheng; Abbott, Richard; Liu, Jianquan.

In: GigaScience, Vol. 6, No. 4, 04.2017, p. 1-5.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Wang, K, Wang, L, Lenstra, JA, Jian, J, Yang, Y, Hu, Q, Lai, D, Qiu, Q, Ma, T, Du, Z, Abbott, R & Liu, J 2017, 'The genome sequence of the wisent (Bison bonasus)', GigaScience, vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1093/gigascience/gix016

APA

Wang, K., Wang, L., Lenstra, J. A., Jian, J., Yang, Y., Hu, Q., ... Liu, J. (2017). The genome sequence of the wisent (Bison bonasus). GigaScience, 6(4), 1-5. https://doi.org/10.1093/gigascience/gix016

Vancouver

Wang K, Wang L, Lenstra JA, Jian J, Yang Y, Hu Q et al. The genome sequence of the wisent (Bison bonasus). GigaScience. 2017 Apr;6(4):1-5. https://doi.org/10.1093/gigascience/gix016

Author

Wang, Kun ; Wang, Lizhong ; Lenstra, Johannes A. ; Jian, Jianbo ; Yang, Yongzhi ; Hu, Quanjun ; Lai, Deyong ; Qiu, Qiang ; Ma, Tao ; Du, Zheng ; Abbott, Richard ; Liu, Jianquan. / The genome sequence of the wisent (Bison bonasus). In: GigaScience. 2017 ; Vol. 6, No. 4. pp. 1-5.

Bibtex - Download

@article{d76af4692536490c991fd1ded6113ccc,
title = "The genome sequence of the wisent (Bison bonasus)",
abstract = "The wisent, also known as the European bison, was rescued from extinction approximately 80 years ago through the conservation of 12 individuals. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of a male wisent individual descended from this founding stock. A total of 366 billion base pairs (Gb) of raw reads from whole-genome sequencing of this wisent were generated using the Illumina HiSeq2000 platform. The final genome assembly (2.58 Gb) is composed of 29,074 scaffolds with an N50 of 4.7 Mb. 47.3{\%} of the genome is composed of repetitive elements. We identified 21,542 genes and 58,385 non-coding RNAs. A phylogenetic tree based on nuclear genomes indicated sister relationships between bison and wisent and between the wisent-bison clade and yak. For 75 genes we obtained evidence of positive evolution in the wisent lineage. We provide the first genome sequence and gene annotation for the wisent. The availability of these resources will be of value for the future conservation of this endangered large mammal and for reconstructing the evolutionary history of the Bovini tribe.",
keywords = "Wisent, Bovini tribe, Genome assembly",
author = "Kun Wang and Lizhong Wang and Lenstra, {Johannes A.} and Jianbo Jian and Yongzhi Yang and Quanjun Hu and Deyong Lai and Qiang Qiu and Tao Ma and Zheng Du and Richard Abbott and Jianquan Liu",
note = "This work was supported by the Youth Science and Technology Innovation Team of Sichuan Province (2014TD003), Shenzhen Industrial Designation Services Cloud Platform (GGJS20150429172906635), International Collaboration 111 Projects of China, Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, 985 and 211 Projects of Sichuan University.",
year = "2017",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1093/gigascience/gix016",
language = "English",
volume = "6",
pages = "1--5",
journal = "GigaScience",
issn = "2047-217X",
publisher = "Oxford University Press",
number = "4",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The genome sequence of the wisent (Bison bonasus)

AU - Wang, Kun

AU - Wang, Lizhong

AU - Lenstra, Johannes A.

AU - Jian, Jianbo

AU - Yang, Yongzhi

AU - Hu, Quanjun

AU - Lai, Deyong

AU - Qiu, Qiang

AU - Ma, Tao

AU - Du, Zheng

AU - Abbott, Richard

AU - Liu, Jianquan

N1 - This work was supported by the Youth Science and Technology Innovation Team of Sichuan Province (2014TD003), Shenzhen Industrial Designation Services Cloud Platform (GGJS20150429172906635), International Collaboration 111 Projects of China, Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities, 985 and 211 Projects of Sichuan University.

PY - 2017/4

Y1 - 2017/4

N2 - The wisent, also known as the European bison, was rescued from extinction approximately 80 years ago through the conservation of 12 individuals. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of a male wisent individual descended from this founding stock. A total of 366 billion base pairs (Gb) of raw reads from whole-genome sequencing of this wisent were generated using the Illumina HiSeq2000 platform. The final genome assembly (2.58 Gb) is composed of 29,074 scaffolds with an N50 of 4.7 Mb. 47.3% of the genome is composed of repetitive elements. We identified 21,542 genes and 58,385 non-coding RNAs. A phylogenetic tree based on nuclear genomes indicated sister relationships between bison and wisent and between the wisent-bison clade and yak. For 75 genes we obtained evidence of positive evolution in the wisent lineage. We provide the first genome sequence and gene annotation for the wisent. The availability of these resources will be of value for the future conservation of this endangered large mammal and for reconstructing the evolutionary history of the Bovini tribe.

AB - The wisent, also known as the European bison, was rescued from extinction approximately 80 years ago through the conservation of 12 individuals. Here, we present the draft genome sequence of a male wisent individual descended from this founding stock. A total of 366 billion base pairs (Gb) of raw reads from whole-genome sequencing of this wisent were generated using the Illumina HiSeq2000 platform. The final genome assembly (2.58 Gb) is composed of 29,074 scaffolds with an N50 of 4.7 Mb. 47.3% of the genome is composed of repetitive elements. We identified 21,542 genes and 58,385 non-coding RNAs. A phylogenetic tree based on nuclear genomes indicated sister relationships between bison and wisent and between the wisent-bison clade and yak. For 75 genes we obtained evidence of positive evolution in the wisent lineage. We provide the first genome sequence and gene annotation for the wisent. The availability of these resources will be of value for the future conservation of this endangered large mammal and for reconstructing the evolutionary history of the Bovini tribe.

KW - Wisent

KW - Bovini tribe

KW - Genome assembly

UR - https://academic.oup.com/gigascience/article-lookup/doi/10.1093/gigascience/gix016#supplementary-data

U2 - 10.1093/gigascience/gix016

DO - 10.1093/gigascience/gix016

M3 - Article

VL - 6

SP - 1

EP - 5

JO - GigaScience

JF - GigaScience

SN - 2047-217X

IS - 4

ER -

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