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The gunshot sound produced by male North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) and its potential function in reproductive advertisement

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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The gunshot sound produced by male North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) and its potential function in reproductive advertisement. / Parks, Susan E; Hamilton, PK; Kraus, SD; Tyack, PL.

In: Marine Mammal Science, Vol. 21, No. 3, 07.2005, p. 458-475.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Parks, SE, Hamilton, PK, Kraus, SD & Tyack, PL 2005, 'The gunshot sound produced by male North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) and its potential function in reproductive advertisement', Marine Mammal Science, vol. 21, no. 3, pp. 458-475.

APA

Parks, S. E., Hamilton, PK., Kraus, SD., & Tyack, PL. (2005). The gunshot sound produced by male North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) and its potential function in reproductive advertisement. Marine Mammal Science, 21(3), 458-475.

Vancouver

Parks SE, Hamilton PK, Kraus SD, Tyack PL. The gunshot sound produced by male North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) and its potential function in reproductive advertisement. Marine Mammal Science. 2005 Jul;21(3):458-475.

Author

Parks, Susan E ; Hamilton, PK ; Kraus, SD ; Tyack, PL. / The gunshot sound produced by male North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) and its potential function in reproductive advertisement. In: Marine Mammal Science. 2005 ; Vol. 21, No. 3. pp. 458-475.

Bibtex - Download

@article{28ca129035d8471f9bc36abfbba91cae,
title = "The gunshot sound produced by male North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) and its potential function in reproductive advertisement",
abstract = "North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) make a short, distinctive broadband sound that is produced internally called a Gunshot sound. This sound has been recorded in the Bay of Fundy, Canada from both single whales (n=9) and social surface active groups (n=49). Those single whales producing Gunshot sounds whose sex could be determined (n=9) were all mature males. Gunshot sounds were produced as part of a stereotyped behavioral sequence by these individuals, including frequent head-lifts and flipper slapping at the surface. In surface active groups, Gunshot sounds were commonly recorded when males were present in the group. The rate of production of Gunshot sounds was weakly correlated with the total number of males present in the group. Given the behavioral context of Gunshot sound production, and production of the sound only by male whales, Gunshots may function in a reproductive context as an advertisement signal to attract females, an agonistic signal directed toward other males, or a combination of the two functions.",
keywords = "gunshot sound, communication, MAMMALS, male advertisement, acoustics, HUMPBACK WHALE, surface active group, SONG, right whale, RED DEER, Eabalaena glacialis, CALLS, ARRAY, Bay of Fundy",
author = "Parks, {Susan E} and PK Hamilton and SD Kraus and PL Tyack",
year = "2005",
month = "7",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
pages = "458--475",
journal = "Marine Mammal Science",
issn = "0824-0469",
publisher = "John Wiley & Sons, Ltd (10.1111)",
number = "3",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The gunshot sound produced by male North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) and its potential function in reproductive advertisement

AU - Parks, Susan E

AU - Hamilton, PK

AU - Kraus, SD

AU - Tyack, PL

PY - 2005/7

Y1 - 2005/7

N2 - North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) make a short, distinctive broadband sound that is produced internally called a Gunshot sound. This sound has been recorded in the Bay of Fundy, Canada from both single whales (n=9) and social surface active groups (n=49). Those single whales producing Gunshot sounds whose sex could be determined (n=9) were all mature males. Gunshot sounds were produced as part of a stereotyped behavioral sequence by these individuals, including frequent head-lifts and flipper slapping at the surface. In surface active groups, Gunshot sounds were commonly recorded when males were present in the group. The rate of production of Gunshot sounds was weakly correlated with the total number of males present in the group. Given the behavioral context of Gunshot sound production, and production of the sound only by male whales, Gunshots may function in a reproductive context as an advertisement signal to attract females, an agonistic signal directed toward other males, or a combination of the two functions.

AB - North Atlantic right whales (Eubalaena glacialis) make a short, distinctive broadband sound that is produced internally called a Gunshot sound. This sound has been recorded in the Bay of Fundy, Canada from both single whales (n=9) and social surface active groups (n=49). Those single whales producing Gunshot sounds whose sex could be determined (n=9) were all mature males. Gunshot sounds were produced as part of a stereotyped behavioral sequence by these individuals, including frequent head-lifts and flipper slapping at the surface. In surface active groups, Gunshot sounds were commonly recorded when males were present in the group. The rate of production of Gunshot sounds was weakly correlated with the total number of males present in the group. Given the behavioral context of Gunshot sound production, and production of the sound only by male whales, Gunshots may function in a reproductive context as an advertisement signal to attract females, an agonistic signal directed toward other males, or a combination of the two functions.

KW - gunshot sound

KW - communication

KW - MAMMALS

KW - male advertisement

KW - acoustics

KW - HUMPBACK WHALE

KW - surface active group

KW - SONG

KW - right whale

KW - RED DEER

KW - Eabalaena glacialis

KW - CALLS

KW - ARRAY

KW - Bay of Fundy

M3 - Article

VL - 21

SP - 458

EP - 475

JO - Marine Mammal Science

JF - Marine Mammal Science

SN - 0824-0469

IS - 3

ER -

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