Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

The original Stonehenge? A dismantled stone circle in the Preseli Hills of west Wales

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

DOI

Standard

The original Stonehenge? A dismantled stone circle in the Preseli Hills of west Wales. / Pearson, Mike Parker; Pollard, Josh; Richards, Colin; Welham, Kate; Kinnaird, Timothy; Shaw, Dave; Simmons, Ellen; Stanford, Adam; Bevins, Richard; Ixer, Rob; Ruggles, Clive; Rylatt, Jim; Edinborough, Kevan.

In: Antiquity, Vol. 95, No. 379, 12.02.2021, p. 85-103.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Pearson, MP, Pollard, J, Richards, C, Welham, K, Kinnaird, T, Shaw, D, Simmons, E, Stanford, A, Bevins, R, Ixer, R, Ruggles, C, Rylatt, J & Edinborough, K 2021, 'The original Stonehenge? A dismantled stone circle in the Preseli Hills of west Wales', Antiquity, vol. 95, no. 379, pp. 85-103. https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2020.239

APA

Pearson, M. P., Pollard, J., Richards, C., Welham, K., Kinnaird, T., Shaw, D., Simmons, E., Stanford, A., Bevins, R., Ixer, R., Ruggles, C., Rylatt, J., & Edinborough, K. (2021). The original Stonehenge? A dismantled stone circle in the Preseli Hills of west Wales. Antiquity, 95(379), 85-103. https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2020.239

Vancouver

Pearson MP, Pollard J, Richards C, Welham K, Kinnaird T, Shaw D et al. The original Stonehenge? A dismantled stone circle in the Preseli Hills of west Wales. Antiquity. 2021 Feb 12;95(379):85-103. https://doi.org/10.15184/aqy.2020.239

Author

Pearson, Mike Parker ; Pollard, Josh ; Richards, Colin ; Welham, Kate ; Kinnaird, Timothy ; Shaw, Dave ; Simmons, Ellen ; Stanford, Adam ; Bevins, Richard ; Ixer, Rob ; Ruggles, Clive ; Rylatt, Jim ; Edinborough, Kevan. / The original Stonehenge? A dismantled stone circle in the Preseli Hills of west Wales. In: Antiquity. 2021 ; Vol. 95, No. 379. pp. 85-103.

Bibtex - Download

@article{6a53b34f73374a82a5a29848183c8cda,
title = "The original Stonehenge? A dismantled stone circle in the Preseli Hills of west Wales",
abstract = "The discovery of a dismantled stone circle—close to Stonehenge's bluestone quarries in west Wales—raises the possibility that a 900-year-old legend about Stonehenge being built from an earlier stone circle contains a grain of truth. Radiocarbon and OSL dating of Waun Mawn indicate construction c. 3000 BC, shortly before the initial construction of Stonehenge. The identical diameters of Waun Mawn and the enclosing ditch of Stonehenge, and their orientations on the midsummer solstice sunrise, suggest that at least part of the Waun Mawn circle was brought from west Wales to Salisbury Plain. This interpretation complements recent isotope work that supports a hypothesis of migration of both people and animals from Wales to Stonehenge.",
keywords = "Britain, Preseli, Stonehenge, Neolithic, Megaliths, Stone circle",
author = "Pearson, {Mike Parker} and Josh Pollard and Colin Richards and Kate Welham and Timothy Kinnaird and Dave Shaw and Ellen Simmons and Adam Stanford and Richard Bevins and Rob Ixer and Clive Ruggles and Jim Rylatt and Kevan Edinborough",
note = "The excavations and research in 2017 and 2018 were funded by the Gerda Henkel Stiftung(grant numbers: AZ 11/V/17 & AZ 08/V/18), the Rust Family Foundation, the NERC Radiocarbon Panel and Raw-Cut TV.",
year = "2021",
month = feb,
day = "12",
doi = "10.15184/aqy.2020.239",
language = "English",
volume = "95",
pages = "85--103",
journal = "Antiquity",
issn = "0003-598X",
publisher = "Antiquity Ltd",
number = "379",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The original Stonehenge? A dismantled stone circle in the Preseli Hills of west Wales

AU - Pearson, Mike Parker

AU - Pollard, Josh

AU - Richards, Colin

AU - Welham, Kate

AU - Kinnaird, Timothy

AU - Shaw, Dave

AU - Simmons, Ellen

AU - Stanford, Adam

AU - Bevins, Richard

AU - Ixer, Rob

AU - Ruggles, Clive

AU - Rylatt, Jim

AU - Edinborough, Kevan

N1 - The excavations and research in 2017 and 2018 were funded by the Gerda Henkel Stiftung(grant numbers: AZ 11/V/17 & AZ 08/V/18), the Rust Family Foundation, the NERC Radiocarbon Panel and Raw-Cut TV.

PY - 2021/2/12

Y1 - 2021/2/12

N2 - The discovery of a dismantled stone circle—close to Stonehenge's bluestone quarries in west Wales—raises the possibility that a 900-year-old legend about Stonehenge being built from an earlier stone circle contains a grain of truth. Radiocarbon and OSL dating of Waun Mawn indicate construction c. 3000 BC, shortly before the initial construction of Stonehenge. The identical diameters of Waun Mawn and the enclosing ditch of Stonehenge, and their orientations on the midsummer solstice sunrise, suggest that at least part of the Waun Mawn circle was brought from west Wales to Salisbury Plain. This interpretation complements recent isotope work that supports a hypothesis of migration of both people and animals from Wales to Stonehenge.

AB - The discovery of a dismantled stone circle—close to Stonehenge's bluestone quarries in west Wales—raises the possibility that a 900-year-old legend about Stonehenge being built from an earlier stone circle contains a grain of truth. Radiocarbon and OSL dating of Waun Mawn indicate construction c. 3000 BC, shortly before the initial construction of Stonehenge. The identical diameters of Waun Mawn and the enclosing ditch of Stonehenge, and their orientations on the midsummer solstice sunrise, suggest that at least part of the Waun Mawn circle was brought from west Wales to Salisbury Plain. This interpretation complements recent isotope work that supports a hypothesis of migration of both people and animals from Wales to Stonehenge.

KW - Britain

KW - Preseli

KW - Stonehenge

KW - Neolithic

KW - Megaliths

KW - Stone circle

U2 - 10.15184/aqy.2020.239

DO - 10.15184/aqy.2020.239

M3 - Article

VL - 95

SP - 85

EP - 103

JO - Antiquity

JF - Antiquity

SN - 0003-598X

IS - 379

ER -

Related by author

  1. Les pierres bleues mégalithiques de Stonehenge viennent de loin, très loin

    Parker Pearson, M. & Kinnaird, T. C., 1 Mar 2021, The Conversation.

    Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

  2. Stonehenge first stood in Wales: how archaeologists proved parts of the 5,000 year-old stone circle were imported

    Parker Pearson, M. & Kinnaird, T. C., 15 Feb 2021, The Conversation.

    Research output: Contribution to specialist publicationArticle

  3. The development of historic field systems in northern England: a case study at Wallington, Northumberland

    Vervust, S., Kinnaird, T., Dabaut, N. & Turner, S., 13 Dec 2020, In: Landscape History. 41, 2, p. 57-70 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. The potential of portable luminescence readers in geomorphological investigations: a review

    Munyikwa, K., Kinnaird, T. C. & Sanderson, D. C. W., 2 Sep 2020, In: Earth Surface Processes and Landforms. Early View

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  5. Artists on the edge of the world: an integrated approach to the study of Magdalenian engraved stone plaquettes from Jersey (Channel Islands)

    Bello, S. M., Blinkhorn, E., Needham, A., Bates, M., Duffy, S., Little, A., Pope, M., Scott, B., Shaw, A., Welch, M. D., Kinnaird, T., Millar, L., Robinson, R. & Conneller, C., 19 Aug 2020, In: PLoS ONE. 15, 8, 40 p., e0236875.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Related by journal

  1. Optically stimulated luminescence profiling and dating of earthworks: the creation and development of prehistoric field boundaries at Bosigran, Cornwall

    Vervust, S., Kinnaird, T., Herring, P. & Turner, S., Apr 2020, In: Antiquity. 94, 374, p. 420-436 17 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Climate change and the deteriorating archaeological and environmental archives of the Arctic

    Hollesen, J., Callanan, M., Dawson, T., Fenger-Nielsen, R., Friesen, T. M., Jensen, A. M., Markham, A., Martens, V. V., Pitulko, V. V. & Rockman, M., 27 Jun 2018, In: Antiquity. 92, 363, p. 573-586 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Review of G. Kalas, the restoration of the Roman Forum in Late Antiquity: transforming public space

    Machado, C., 17 Feb 2016, In: Antiquity. 90, 349, p. 264-265 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review

  4. Rome in the Bronze Age: late second-millennium BC radiocarbon dates from the Forum Boarium

    Brock, A. L. & Terrenato, N., Jun 2016, In: Antiquity. 90, 351, p. 654-664

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

ID: 272865357

Top