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The Palaeoproterozoic Francevillian succession of Gabon and the Lomagundi-Jatuli event

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Author(s)

Karen Bakakas, Mathieu Moussavou, Anthony R. Prave, Aivo Lepland, Michel Mbina, Kalle Kirsimäe

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Abstract

The Paleoproterozoic Francevillian succession of Gabon has figured prominently in concepts about Earth’s early oxygenation and genesis of a large positive excursion in carbon-isotope values, the Lomagundi-Jatuli event (LJE). Here we present a detailed study of a 139-m-long core of Francevillian rocks marked by carbonate δ13C (δ13Ccarb) values of 5‰–9‰ that decline upsection to near 0‰, a trend inferred by many workers as a fingerprint of the LJE and its termination. However, we show that the shift in δ13Ccarb values coincides with a facies change: shallow-marine facies are marked by the strongly positive values, whereas deeper-marine facies (below storm wave base) are at ~0‰. The most circumspect interpretation of such facies dependence of δ13Ccarb is that shallow-marine settings record the isotope effects of local physical and biochemical processes driving the ambient dissolved inorganic carbon (DIC) pool to heavier values, and the lighter values (~0‰) in deeper-water facies track the DIC of the open-marine realm where δ13C was largely unaffected by fractionations occurring in shallow-water settings. Further, a transgressing redoxcline created conditions for precipitation of Mn-bearing minerals and chemotrophic microbial biota, including methane cycling communities evident by organic δ13C (δ13Corg) values of –4‰ and Δδcarb-org values as high as 46‰. Thus, the Francevillian C-isotope profile reflects basin-specific conditions and is not a priori an indicator of global C-cycle disturbances nor of the termination of the LJE.
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Original languageEnglish
Number of pages6
JournalGeology
VolumeEarly View
Early online date21 Jul 2020
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Jul 2020

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