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The Palaeoproterozoic global carbon cycle: insights from the Loch Maree Group, NW Scotland

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Author(s)

Gemma B. Kerr, Anthony R. Prave, Adam P. Martin, Anthony E. Fallick, Alexander T. Brasier, R. Graham Park

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Abstract

Two Palaeoproterozoic events have particularly interested Earth scientists. These are the global LomagundiJatuli Event, the greatest magnitude positive carbonate carbon isotope excursion in Earth history, and the Shunga Event, the world's largest organic carbon burial event. Analysis of newly acquired high-resolution C-O isotope data and U-Pb zircon geochronology refine understanding of carbon isotope characteristics and timing of deposition of the Palaeoproterozoic Loch Maree Group of NW Scotland. Petrographic examination reveals a basal unconformity between the Loch Maree Group and Archaean basement, permitting a stratigraphy and younging direction to be assigned. Detrital zircon ages from immediately above the unconformity are dated at c. 2.3 Ga. δ13Ccarbonate data on two temporally discrete carbonate packages range from c. +15 to 2‰ parts per thousand in the older unit and c. 2 to -5‰ parts per thousand in the younger carbonate unit. Current age constraints indicate that the Loch Maree Group is too young to be fully coeval with the Lomagundi-Jatuli Event but is within the age range of the Shunga Event. This revives consideration of a straightforward mass-balance process involving burial of organic carbon as an explanation for at least some of the C-cycle perturbations of Palaeoproterozoic time.

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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-176
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Geological Society
Volume173
Issue number1
Early online date22 Sep 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2016

    Research areas

  • HIGH-DELTA-C-13 PALEOPROTEROZOIC CARBONATES, GREAT OXIDATION EVENT, ATMOSPHERIC OXYGEN, LOFOTEN-VESTERALEN, ISOTOPE EXCURSION, LEWISIAN COMPLEX, DETRITAL ZIRCON, HEAVY CARBON, GRUINARD BAY, GEOCHEMISTRY

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