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The relationship of dental caries and dental fear in Malaysian adolescents: a latent variable approach

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The relationship of dental caries and dental fear in Malaysian adolescents: a latent variable approach. / Esa, Rashidah; Leng Ong, Ali; Humphris, Gerald Michael; Freeman, Ruth.

In: BMC Oral Health, Vol. 14, 19, 12.03.2014.

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Esa, R, Leng Ong, A, Humphris, GM & Freeman, R 2014, 'The relationship of dental caries and dental fear in Malaysian adolescents: a latent variable approach' BMC Oral Health, vol 14, 19. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6831-14-19

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Esa, R., Leng Ong, A., Humphris, G. M., & Freeman, R. (2014). The relationship of dental caries and dental fear in Malaysian adolescents: a latent variable approach. BMC Oral Health, 14, [19]. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6831-14-19

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Esa R, Leng Ong A, Humphris GM, Freeman R. The relationship of dental caries and dental fear in Malaysian adolescents: a latent variable approach. BMC Oral Health. 2014 Mar 12;14. 19. Available from, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6831-14-19

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Esa, Rashidah; Leng Ong, Ali; Humphris, Gerald Michael; Freeman, Ruth / The relationship of dental caries and dental fear in Malaysian adolescents: a latent variable approach.

In: BMC Oral Health, Vol. 14, 19, 12.03.2014.

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@article{e28200e108cd4263af028073dc9bd84d,
title = "The relationship of dental caries and dental fear in Malaysian adolescents: a latent variable approach",
abstract = "BackgroundTo investigate the role of geography (place of residence) as a moderator in the relationship between dental caries disease and treatment experience and dental fear in 16-year-olds living in Malaysia. MethodsA multi-stage-stratified sampling method was employed. Five hundred and three, 16-year-olds from 6 government secondary schools participated in this study. The questionnaire examined participants' demographic profile and assessed their dental fear using the Dental Fear Survey (DFS). The clinical examination consisted of the DMFT as the outcome measure of dental caries disease and treatment experience by a single examiner (ICC = 0.98). Structural equation modelling inspected the relationship between dental fear and dental caries disease and treatment experience. ResultsThe mean DMFT was 2.76 (SD 3.25). The DT, MT and FT components were 0.64 (SD 1.25), 0.14 (SD 0.56) and 1.98 (SD 2.43) respectively. Rural compared with urban adolescents had significantly greater mean numbers of decayed and missing teeth. The mean DFS score was 40.8 (SD 12.4). Rural compared with urban adolescents had significantly higher mean scores for physical symptoms of dental fear. The correlation between dental fear (DFS) and dental caries disease and treatment experience (DMFT) was 0.29, p < 0.0001. The structural equation model fitted the raw data well (chi2 = 9.20, df = 8, p = 0.34). All components of DMFT were closely associated in equal strength to the unidimensional hypothetical latent variable of dental caries disease and treatment experience. The strength of the relationship between dental fear and dental caries disease and treatment experience varied in accordance with place of residence. ConclusionIn conclusion a relationship between dental fear and dental caries disease and treatment experience was shown to exist in 16-year-old adolescents living in Malaysia. This study showed that the rural-urban dichotomy acted as a moderator upon this relationship.",
author = "Rashidah Esa and {Leng Ong}, Ali and Humphris, {Gerald Michael} and Ruth Freeman",
note = "This paper is funded by University Malaya.",
year = "2014",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1186/1472-6831-14-19",
volume = "14",
journal = "BMC Oral Health",
issn = "1472-6831",
publisher = "BioMed Central",

}

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TY - JOUR

T1 - The relationship of dental caries and dental fear in Malaysian adolescents: a latent variable approach

AU - Esa,Rashidah

AU - Leng Ong,Ali

AU - Humphris,Gerald Michael

AU - Freeman,Ruth

N1 - This paper is funded by University Malaya.

PY - 2014/3/12

Y1 - 2014/3/12

N2 - BackgroundTo investigate the role of geography (place of residence) as a moderator in the relationship between dental caries disease and treatment experience and dental fear in 16-year-olds living in Malaysia. MethodsA multi-stage-stratified sampling method was employed. Five hundred and three, 16-year-olds from 6 government secondary schools participated in this study. The questionnaire examined participants' demographic profile and assessed their dental fear using the Dental Fear Survey (DFS). The clinical examination consisted of the DMFT as the outcome measure of dental caries disease and treatment experience by a single examiner (ICC = 0.98). Structural equation modelling inspected the relationship between dental fear and dental caries disease and treatment experience. ResultsThe mean DMFT was 2.76 (SD 3.25). The DT, MT and FT components were 0.64 (SD 1.25), 0.14 (SD 0.56) and 1.98 (SD 2.43) respectively. Rural compared with urban adolescents had significantly greater mean numbers of decayed and missing teeth. The mean DFS score was 40.8 (SD 12.4). Rural compared with urban adolescents had significantly higher mean scores for physical symptoms of dental fear. The correlation between dental fear (DFS) and dental caries disease and treatment experience (DMFT) was 0.29, p < 0.0001. The structural equation model fitted the raw data well (chi2 = 9.20, df = 8, p = 0.34). All components of DMFT were closely associated in equal strength to the unidimensional hypothetical latent variable of dental caries disease and treatment experience. The strength of the relationship between dental fear and dental caries disease and treatment experience varied in accordance with place of residence. ConclusionIn conclusion a relationship between dental fear and dental caries disease and treatment experience was shown to exist in 16-year-old adolescents living in Malaysia. This study showed that the rural-urban dichotomy acted as a moderator upon this relationship.

AB - BackgroundTo investigate the role of geography (place of residence) as a moderator in the relationship between dental caries disease and treatment experience and dental fear in 16-year-olds living in Malaysia. MethodsA multi-stage-stratified sampling method was employed. Five hundred and three, 16-year-olds from 6 government secondary schools participated in this study. The questionnaire examined participants' demographic profile and assessed their dental fear using the Dental Fear Survey (DFS). The clinical examination consisted of the DMFT as the outcome measure of dental caries disease and treatment experience by a single examiner (ICC = 0.98). Structural equation modelling inspected the relationship between dental fear and dental caries disease and treatment experience. ResultsThe mean DMFT was 2.76 (SD 3.25). The DT, MT and FT components were 0.64 (SD 1.25), 0.14 (SD 0.56) and 1.98 (SD 2.43) respectively. Rural compared with urban adolescents had significantly greater mean numbers of decayed and missing teeth. The mean DFS score was 40.8 (SD 12.4). Rural compared with urban adolescents had significantly higher mean scores for physical symptoms of dental fear. The correlation between dental fear (DFS) and dental caries disease and treatment experience (DMFT) was 0.29, p < 0.0001. The structural equation model fitted the raw data well (chi2 = 9.20, df = 8, p = 0.34). All components of DMFT were closely associated in equal strength to the unidimensional hypothetical latent variable of dental caries disease and treatment experience. The strength of the relationship between dental fear and dental caries disease and treatment experience varied in accordance with place of residence. ConclusionIn conclusion a relationship between dental fear and dental caries disease and treatment experience was shown to exist in 16-year-old adolescents living in Malaysia. This study showed that the rural-urban dichotomy acted as a moderator upon this relationship.

UR - http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6831/14/19

U2 - 10.1186/1472-6831-14-19

DO - 10.1186/1472-6831-14-19

M3 - Article

VL - 14

JO - BMC Oral Health

T2 - BMC Oral Health

JF - BMC Oral Health

SN - 1472-6831

M1 - 19

ER -

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ID: 103057267