Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

The role of endosymbionts in the evolution of haploid-male genetic systems in scale insects (Coccoidea)

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Open Access permissions

Open

Standard

The role of endosymbionts in the evolution of haploid-male genetic systems in scale insects (Coccoidea). / Ross, Laura; Shuker, David Michael; Normark, Benjamin B.; Pen, Ido.

In: Ecology and Evolution, Vol. 2, No. 5, 05.2012, p. 1071-1081.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Ross, L, Shuker, DM, Normark, BB & Pen, I 2012, 'The role of endosymbionts in the evolution of haploid-male genetic systems in scale insects (Coccoidea)' Ecology and Evolution, vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 1071-1081. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.222

APA

Ross, L., Shuker, D. M., Normark, B. B., & Pen, I. (2012). The role of endosymbionts in the evolution of haploid-male genetic systems in scale insects (Coccoidea). Ecology and Evolution, 2(5), 1071-1081. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.222

Vancouver

Ross L, Shuker DM, Normark BB, Pen I. The role of endosymbionts in the evolution of haploid-male genetic systems in scale insects (Coccoidea). Ecology and Evolution. 2012 May;2(5):1071-1081. https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.222

Author

Ross, Laura ; Shuker, David Michael ; Normark, Benjamin B. ; Pen, Ido. / The role of endosymbionts in the evolution of haploid-male genetic systems in scale insects (Coccoidea). In: Ecology and Evolution. 2012 ; Vol. 2, No. 5. pp. 1071-1081.

Bibtex - Download

@article{545a4e654846434d911c4379fedf958b,
title = "The role of endosymbionts in the evolution of haploid-male genetic systems in scale insects (Coccoidea)",
abstract = "There is an extraordinary diversity in genetic systems across species, but this variation remains poorly understood. In part, this is because the mechanisms responsible for transitions between systems are often unknown. A recent hypothesis has suggested that conflict between hosts and endosymbiotic microorganisms over transmission could drive the transition from diplodiploidy to systems with male haploidy (haplodiploidy, including arrhenotoky and paternal genome elimination [PGE]). Here, we present the first formal test of this idea with a comparative analysis across scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea). Scale insects are renowned for their large variation in genetic systems, and multiple transitions between diplodiploidy and haplodiploidy have taken place within this group. Additionally, most species rely on endosymbiotic microorganisms to provide them with essential nutrients lacking in their diet. We show that species harboring endosymbionts are indeed more likely to have a genetic system with male haploidy, which supports the hypothesis that endosymbionts might have played a role in the transition to haplodiploidy. We also extend our analysis to consider the relationship between endosymbiont presence and transitions to parthenogenesis. Although in scale insects there is no such overall association, species harboring eukaryote endosymbionts were more likely to be parthenogenetic than those with bacterial symbionts. These results support the idea that intergenomic conflict can drive the evolution of novel genetic systems and affect host reproduction.",
keywords = "Bacterial symbiont cardinium, Mealybugs hemiptera, Haplodiploidy, Haplodipoidy, Wolbachia, Endosymbiosis, Phylogenetic congruence, DiaspIdidae, Male killers, Genomic conflict, Sex-ratios, Paternal genome elimination, Scale insects, Classification, Parthenogenesis",
author = "Laura Ross and Shuker, {David Michael} and Normark, {Benjamin B.} and Ido Pen",
year = "2012",
month = "5",
doi = "10.1002/ece3.222",
language = "English",
volume = "2",
pages = "1071--1081",
journal = "Ecology and Evolution",
issn = "2045-7758",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "5",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - The role of endosymbionts in the evolution of haploid-male genetic systems in scale insects (Coccoidea)

AU - Ross, Laura

AU - Shuker, David Michael

AU - Normark, Benjamin B.

AU - Pen, Ido

PY - 2012/5

Y1 - 2012/5

N2 - There is an extraordinary diversity in genetic systems across species, but this variation remains poorly understood. In part, this is because the mechanisms responsible for transitions between systems are often unknown. A recent hypothesis has suggested that conflict between hosts and endosymbiotic microorganisms over transmission could drive the transition from diplodiploidy to systems with male haploidy (haplodiploidy, including arrhenotoky and paternal genome elimination [PGE]). Here, we present the first formal test of this idea with a comparative analysis across scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea). Scale insects are renowned for their large variation in genetic systems, and multiple transitions between diplodiploidy and haplodiploidy have taken place within this group. Additionally, most species rely on endosymbiotic microorganisms to provide them with essential nutrients lacking in their diet. We show that species harboring endosymbionts are indeed more likely to have a genetic system with male haploidy, which supports the hypothesis that endosymbionts might have played a role in the transition to haplodiploidy. We also extend our analysis to consider the relationship between endosymbiont presence and transitions to parthenogenesis. Although in scale insects there is no such overall association, species harboring eukaryote endosymbionts were more likely to be parthenogenetic than those with bacterial symbionts. These results support the idea that intergenomic conflict can drive the evolution of novel genetic systems and affect host reproduction.

AB - There is an extraordinary diversity in genetic systems across species, but this variation remains poorly understood. In part, this is because the mechanisms responsible for transitions between systems are often unknown. A recent hypothesis has suggested that conflict between hosts and endosymbiotic microorganisms over transmission could drive the transition from diplodiploidy to systems with male haploidy (haplodiploidy, including arrhenotoky and paternal genome elimination [PGE]). Here, we present the first formal test of this idea with a comparative analysis across scale insects (Hemiptera: Coccoidea). Scale insects are renowned for their large variation in genetic systems, and multiple transitions between diplodiploidy and haplodiploidy have taken place within this group. Additionally, most species rely on endosymbiotic microorganisms to provide them with essential nutrients lacking in their diet. We show that species harboring endosymbionts are indeed more likely to have a genetic system with male haploidy, which supports the hypothesis that endosymbionts might have played a role in the transition to haplodiploidy. We also extend our analysis to consider the relationship between endosymbiont presence and transitions to parthenogenesis. Although in scale insects there is no such overall association, species harboring eukaryote endosymbionts were more likely to be parthenogenetic than those with bacterial symbionts. These results support the idea that intergenomic conflict can drive the evolution of novel genetic systems and affect host reproduction.

KW - Bacterial symbiont cardinium

KW - Mealybugs hemiptera

KW - Haplodiploidy

KW - Haplodipoidy

KW - Wolbachia

KW - Endosymbiosis

KW - Phylogenetic congruence

KW - DiaspIdidae

KW - Male killers

KW - Genomic conflict

KW - Sex-ratios

KW - Paternal genome elimination

KW - Scale insects

KW - Classification

KW - Parthenogenesis

U2 - 10.1002/ece3.222

DO - 10.1002/ece3.222

M3 - Article

VL - 2

SP - 1071

EP - 1081

JO - Ecology and Evolution

T2 - Ecology and Evolution

JF - Ecology and Evolution

SN - 2045-7758

IS - 5

ER -

Related by author

  1. Local mate competition modifies the costs of mating in a mostly monandrous parasitoid wasp

    Boulton, R. A., Cook, N., Greenway, E. V., Glaser, G. L., Green, J. & Shuker, D. M., 5 Apr 2019, In : Behavioral Ecology. 30, 2, p. 417-425 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. The fitness effects of a pale mutant in the aposematic seed bug Lygaeus simulans indicate pleiotropy between warning coloration and life history

    Balfour, V. L., Aumont, C., Dougherty, L. R. & Shuker, D. M., Dec 2018, In : Ecology and Evolution. 8, 24, p. 12855-12866 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. An inconvenient truth: the unconsidered benefits of convenience polyandry

    Boulton, R. A., Zuk, M. & Shuker, D. M., Dec 2018, In : Trends in Ecology and Evolution. 33, 12, 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Divergence is not speciation, or why we need females: a comment on Tinghitella et al

    Burdfield-Steel, E. R. & Shuker, D. M., 3 Jul 2018, In : Behavioral Ecology. 29, 4, p. 801

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Differential gene expression is not required for facultative sex allocation: a transcriptome analysis of brain tissue in the parasitoid wasp Nasonia vitripennis

    Cook, N., Boulton, R., Green, J., Trivedi, U., Tauber, E., Pannebakker, B. A., Ritchie, M. G. & Shuker, D. M., Feb 2018, In : Royal Society Open Science. 5, 8 p., 171718.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Accounting for preferential sampling in species distribution models

    Pennino, M. G., Paradinas, I., Illian, J. B., Muñoz, F., Bellido, J. M., López-Quílez, A. & Conesa, D., 1 Jan 2019, In : Ecology and Evolution. 9, 1, p. 653-663 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Decline in abundance and apparent survival rates of fin whales (Balaenoptera physalus) in the northern Gulf of St. Lawrence

    Schleimer, A., Ramp, C., Delarue, J., Carpentier, A., Bérubé, M., Palsbøl, P. J., Sears, R. & Hammond, P. S., Apr 2019, In : Ecology and Evolution. 9, 7, p. 4231-4244 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Long-term sound and movement recording tags to study natural behavior and reaction to ship noise of seals

    Mikkelsen, L., Johnson, M., Wisniewska, D. M., van Neer, A., Siebert, U., Madsen, P. T. & Teilmann, J., 6 Feb 2019, In : Ecology and Evolution. Early View, 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Repeat disturbances have cumulative impacts on stream communities

    Haghkerdar, J. M., McLachlan, J. R., Ireland, A. & Greig, H. S., 14 Feb 2019, In : Ecology and Evolution. Early View, 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Social effects on fruit fly courtship song

    Marie-Orleach, L., Bailey, N. W. & Ritchie, M. G., Jan 2019, In : Ecology and Evolution. 9, 1, p. 410-416 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Ecology and Evolution (Journal)

    Will Cresswell (Reviewer)
    28 Sep 2017

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  2. Ecology and Evolution (Journal)

    Nora Nell Hanson (Reviewer)
    2016

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  3. Ecology and Evolution (Journal)

    David Michael Shuker (Member of editorial board)
    2011

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

ID: 45508223