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The value of 2JP–CO as a diagnostic parameter for the structure and thermal reactivity of carbonyl-stablised phosphonium ylides

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Author(s)

R. Alan Aitken, Youcef Boubalouta, Da Chang, Lee P. Cleghorn, Ian P. Gray, Nazira Karodia, Euan J. Reid, Alexandra M. Z. Slawin

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Abstract

A survey of 20 carbonyl-stabilised phosphonium ylides with recently reported X-ray structures shows a strong correlation between the C=P to C=O torsion angle and the value of 2JP–CO, with high values being associated with an anti configuration and low with syn. Seven new X-ray structural determinations are reported, several for types of ylide not crystallograpically characterised before, and these also conform to this pattern. The value of 2JP–CO is then correlated with whether or not thermal extrusion of Ph3PO occurs to give alkynes for over 200 ylides and an empirical rule developed that the extrusion never occurs for ylides where this value is >11 Hz. This is used to rationalise the anomalous behaviour of some trioxo ylides and cyclic ylides, two of which afford cycloalkynes, isolated after rearrangement as the isomeric 1,3-dienes. The rule also holds for a family of novel highly fluorinated ylides which afford fluorinated alkynes in good yield upon flash vacuum pyrolysis.
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6275-6285
Number of pages11
JournalTetrahedron
Volume73
Issue number44
Early online date18 Sep 2017
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Nov 2017

    Research areas

  • Ylides, X-ray structure, NMR coupling constants, Pyrolysis, Cycloalkynes

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