Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Trends in the perceived body size of adolescent males and females in Scotland, 1990–2014: changing associations with mental well-being

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives:
This paper explores trends in Scottish adolescents’ body size perceptions and associated mental well-being outcomes.
Methods:
Data were collected on Scottish 11, 13 and 15-year olds by the Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study between 1990 and 2014 (n=42,312). Logistic regression was used to examine changes in the prevalence of over- and underweight perceptions. Ordinal and linear regression was used to examine changes in the association between body perception and mental well-being.
Results:
Little change was observed in over- or under-weight perceptions between 1990 and 2014. However, relative to those perceiving their body as ‘about right’, those perceiving themselves as overweight reported decreasing confidence (all groups), decreasing happiness (11- and 13-year old girls) and increasing psychological symptoms (all girls and 15 year-old boys). Perceived underweight is associated with poor well-being, especially in males, but we present little evidence that this is a recent phenomenon.
Conclusions:
We present evidence suggesting that the influence of body image on adolescent mental health is increasing over time. This may play a role in the recently observed worsening of mental well-being in Scottish adolescents.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)69-80
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Public Health
Volume63
Issue number1
Early online date1 Jul 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2018

    Research areas

  • Body image, Body size perception, Overweight, Underweight, Adolescents, Mental well-being

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. HBSC Briefing paper 24: Mental and emotional well-being in Scottish adolescents

    Cosma, A. P., Rhodes, G., Currie, C. E., Inchley, J. C., Currie, D. B., Hunter, K. J., Neville, F. G. & Whitehead, R. D., 1 Mar 2016, St Andrews: Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit (CAHRU). 6 p. (HBSC Briefing Paper; no. 24)

    Research output: Book/ReportOther report

  2. HBSC Findings 2014: Young Persons’ Report

    Neville, F. G., Whitehead, R. D., Cosma, A. P., Currie, C. E., Currie, D. B. & Inchley, J. C., Mar 2016, Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit (CAHRU). 4 p.

    Research output: Book/ReportOther report

  3. HBSC Briefing paper 23: Subjective health and medicine use among Scottish adolescents

    Cosma, A. P., Rhodes, G., Currie, C. E., Inchley, J. C., Currie, D. B., Neville, F. G., Hunter, K. J. & Whitehead, R. D., Mar 2016, St Andrews: Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit (CAHRU). 6 p. (HBSC Briefing Paper; no. 23)

    Research output: Book/ReportOther report

  4. HBSC Briefing paper 25: Self-confidence and social well-being in Scottish adolescents

    Cosma, A. P., Rhodes, G., Currie, C. E., Inchley, J. C., Currie, D. B., Hunter, K. J., Neville, F. G. & Whitehead, R. D., 2016, Child and Adolescent Health Research Unit (CAHRU).

    Research output: Book/ReportOther report

Related by journal

  1. Associations between perceived social and physical environmental variables and physical activity and screen time among adolescents in four European countries

    Bucksch, J., Kopcakova, J., Inchley, J., Troped, P. J., Sudeck, G., Sigmundova, D., Nalecz, H., Borraccino, A., Salonna, F., Dankulincova Veselska, Z. & Hamrik, Z., Jan 2019, In : International Journal of Public Health. 64, 1, p. 83-94

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Growing through adolescence: a gendered approach is needed

    Inchley, J., Mar 2019, In : International Journal of Public Health. 64, 2, p. 151-152 2 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalEditorial

  3. Road map towards a harmonized pan-European surveillance of obesity-related lifestyle behaviours and their determinants in children and adolescents

    Hebestreit, A., Thumann, B., Wolters, M., Bucksch, J., Huybrechts, I., Inchley, J., Lange, C., Lien, N., Manz, K., Slimani, N., van der Ploeg, H. P. & Ahrens, W., May 2019, In : International Journal of Public Health. 64, 4, p. 615-623 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. The neighbourhood social environment and alcohol use among urban and rural Scottish adolescents

    Martin, G., Inchley, J., Marshall, A., Shortt, N. & Currie, C., Jan 2019, In : International Journal of Public Health. 64, 1, p. 95-105 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Vigorous physical activity in relation to family affluence: time trends in Europe and North America

    Sigmundová, D., Sigmund, E., Tesler, R., Ng, K. W., Hamrik, Z., Mathisen, F. K. S., Inchley, J. & Bucksch, J., 5 Jul 2019, In : International Journal of Public Health. First Online, 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 245628851

Top