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Turbidity and foraging rate in threespine sticklebacks: the importance of visual and chemical prey cues

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Turbidity and foraging rate in threespine sticklebacks: the importance of visual and chemical prey cues. / Webster, M. M.; Atton, N.; Ward, A. J. W.; Hart, P. J. B.

In: Behaviour, Vol. 144, 11.2007, p. 1347-1360.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Webster, MM, Atton, N, Ward, AJW & Hart, PJB 2007, 'Turbidity and foraging rate in threespine sticklebacks: the importance of visual and chemical prey cues' Behaviour, vol. 144, pp. 1347-1360. https://doi.org/10.1163/156853907782418222

APA

Webster, M. M., Atton, N., Ward, A. J. W., & Hart, P. J. B. (2007). Turbidity and foraging rate in threespine sticklebacks: the importance of visual and chemical prey cues. Behaviour, 144, 1347-1360. https://doi.org/10.1163/156853907782418222

Vancouver

Webster MM, Atton N, Ward AJW, Hart PJB. Turbidity and foraging rate in threespine sticklebacks: the importance of visual and chemical prey cues. Behaviour. 2007 Nov;144:1347-1360. https://doi.org/10.1163/156853907782418222

Author

Webster, M. M. ; Atton, N. ; Ward, A. J. W. ; Hart, P. J. B. / Turbidity and foraging rate in threespine sticklebacks: the importance of visual and chemical prey cues. In: Behaviour. 2007 ; Vol. 144. pp. 1347-1360.

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@article{1720780db1014bb5b706d6b197af02f7,
title = "Turbidity and foraging rate in threespine sticklebacks: the importance of visual and chemical prey cues",
abstract = "In aquatic habitats turbidity can affect the foraging efficiency of visual predators, directly influencing their capacity to detect prey. In a laboratory study we tested the effect of different loads of suspended sediment upon the foraging rates of threespine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus). We compared the foraging rates of fish under a series of different turbidity treatments, testing fish originating from four habitats within a single drainage basin that differed in a number of environmental parameters including turbidity. Although we found habitat specific differences in foraging rates, these did not correspond to local turbidity levels. The findings of a follow up experiment revealed habitat-specific variation in boldness, which may be indirecly linked to the observed differences in foraging rate. The main finding of our study was that turbidity alone had no impact upon their prey capture rates, but that high turbidity in combination with saturation with prey odour extract caused prey capture rates to fall significantly. This suggests that olfactory cues can be more important than visual cues in determining foraging performance in this species, potentially influencing how they cope with naturally occurring periods of turbidity, and how they adapt to human-induced eutrophication.",
keywords = "eutrophication, gasterosteus aculeatus, habitat complexity, predator-prey interactions, COD GADUS-MORHUA, GASTEROSTEUS-ACULEATUS, 3-SPINED STICKLEBACKS, REACTIVE DISTANCE, SELECTION, BOLDNESS, WATER, SUCCESS, EXPERIENCE, RESPONSES",
author = "Webster, {M. M.} and N. Atton and Ward, {A. J. W.} and Hart, {P. J. B.}",
year = "2007",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1163/156853907782418222",
language = "English",
volume = "144",
pages = "1347--1360",
journal = "Behaviour",
issn = "0005-7959",
publisher = "Brill",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Turbidity and foraging rate in threespine sticklebacks: the importance of visual and chemical prey cues

AU - Webster, M. M.

AU - Atton, N.

AU - Ward, A. J. W.

AU - Hart, P. J. B.

PY - 2007/11

Y1 - 2007/11

N2 - In aquatic habitats turbidity can affect the foraging efficiency of visual predators, directly influencing their capacity to detect prey. In a laboratory study we tested the effect of different loads of suspended sediment upon the foraging rates of threespine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus). We compared the foraging rates of fish under a series of different turbidity treatments, testing fish originating from four habitats within a single drainage basin that differed in a number of environmental parameters including turbidity. Although we found habitat specific differences in foraging rates, these did not correspond to local turbidity levels. The findings of a follow up experiment revealed habitat-specific variation in boldness, which may be indirecly linked to the observed differences in foraging rate. The main finding of our study was that turbidity alone had no impact upon their prey capture rates, but that high turbidity in combination with saturation with prey odour extract caused prey capture rates to fall significantly. This suggests that olfactory cues can be more important than visual cues in determining foraging performance in this species, potentially influencing how they cope with naturally occurring periods of turbidity, and how they adapt to human-induced eutrophication.

AB - In aquatic habitats turbidity can affect the foraging efficiency of visual predators, directly influencing their capacity to detect prey. In a laboratory study we tested the effect of different loads of suspended sediment upon the foraging rates of threespine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus). We compared the foraging rates of fish under a series of different turbidity treatments, testing fish originating from four habitats within a single drainage basin that differed in a number of environmental parameters including turbidity. Although we found habitat specific differences in foraging rates, these did not correspond to local turbidity levels. The findings of a follow up experiment revealed habitat-specific variation in boldness, which may be indirecly linked to the observed differences in foraging rate. The main finding of our study was that turbidity alone had no impact upon their prey capture rates, but that high turbidity in combination with saturation with prey odour extract caused prey capture rates to fall significantly. This suggests that olfactory cues can be more important than visual cues in determining foraging performance in this species, potentially influencing how they cope with naturally occurring periods of turbidity, and how they adapt to human-induced eutrophication.

KW - eutrophication

KW - gasterosteus aculeatus

KW - habitat complexity

KW - predator-prey interactions

KW - COD GADUS-MORHUA

KW - GASTEROSTEUS-ACULEATUS

KW - 3-SPINED STICKLEBACKS

KW - REACTIVE DISTANCE

KW - SELECTION

KW - BOLDNESS

KW - WATER

KW - SUCCESS

KW - EXPERIENCE

KW - RESPONSES

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=35748980567&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1163/156853907782418222

DO - 10.1163/156853907782418222

M3 - Article

VL - 144

SP - 1347

EP - 1360

JO - Behaviour

T2 - Behaviour

JF - Behaviour

SN - 0005-7959

ER -

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ID: 628752