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Twelve-month-olds communicate helpfully and appropriately for knowledgeable and ignorant partners

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Twelve-month-olds communicate helpfully and appropriately for knowledgeable and ignorant partners. / Liszkowski, Ulf; Carpenter, Malinda; Tomasello, Michael.

In: Cognition, Vol. 108, No. 3, 09.2008, p. 732-739.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Harvard

Liszkowski, U, Carpenter, M & Tomasello, M 2008, 'Twelve-month-olds communicate helpfully and appropriately for knowledgeable and ignorant partners', Cognition, vol. 108, no. 3, pp. 732-739. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2008.06.013

APA

Liszkowski, U., Carpenter, M., & Tomasello, M. (2008). Twelve-month-olds communicate helpfully and appropriately for knowledgeable and ignorant partners. Cognition, 108(3), 732-739. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2008.06.013

Vancouver

Liszkowski U, Carpenter M, Tomasello M. Twelve-month-olds communicate helpfully and appropriately for knowledgeable and ignorant partners. Cognition. 2008 Sep;108(3):732-739. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cognition.2008.06.013

Author

Liszkowski, Ulf ; Carpenter, Malinda ; Tomasello, Michael. / Twelve-month-olds communicate helpfully and appropriately for knowledgeable and ignorant partners. In: Cognition. 2008 ; Vol. 108, No. 3. pp. 732-739.

Bibtex - Download

@article{055801612543486abe4f204da1bffa99,
title = "Twelve-month-olds communicate helpfully and appropriately for knowledgeable and ignorant partners",
abstract = "In the current study we investigated whether 12-month-old infants gesture appropriately for knowledgeable versus ignorant partners, in order to provide them with needed information. In two experiments we found that in response to a searching adult, 12-month-olds pointed more often to an object whose location the adult did not know and thus needed information to find (she had not seen it fall down just previously) than to an object whose location she knew and thus did not need information to find (she had watched it fall down just previously). These results demonstrate that, in contrast to classic views of infant communication, infants' early pointing at 12 months is already premised on an understanding of others' knowledge and ignorance, along with a prosocial motive to help others by providing needed information. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Infancy, Communication, Social cognition, Knowledge/ignorance, Cooperation, Helping, Informing, Pointing, INFANTS, BELIEFS, ATTRIBUTION, SENSITIVITY, ATTENTION, POINT, STATE",
author = "Ulf Liszkowski and Malinda Carpenter and Michael Tomasello",
year = "2008",
month = sep,
doi = "10.1016/j.cognition.2008.06.013",
language = "English",
volume = "108",
pages = "732--739",
journal = "Cognition",
issn = "0010-0277",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Twelve-month-olds communicate helpfully and appropriately for knowledgeable and ignorant partners

AU - Liszkowski, Ulf

AU - Carpenter, Malinda

AU - Tomasello, Michael

PY - 2008/9

Y1 - 2008/9

N2 - In the current study we investigated whether 12-month-old infants gesture appropriately for knowledgeable versus ignorant partners, in order to provide them with needed information. In two experiments we found that in response to a searching adult, 12-month-olds pointed more often to an object whose location the adult did not know and thus needed information to find (she had not seen it fall down just previously) than to an object whose location she knew and thus did not need information to find (she had watched it fall down just previously). These results demonstrate that, in contrast to classic views of infant communication, infants' early pointing at 12 months is already premised on an understanding of others' knowledge and ignorance, along with a prosocial motive to help others by providing needed information. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - In the current study we investigated whether 12-month-old infants gesture appropriately for knowledgeable versus ignorant partners, in order to provide them with needed information. In two experiments we found that in response to a searching adult, 12-month-olds pointed more often to an object whose location the adult did not know and thus needed information to find (she had not seen it fall down just previously) than to an object whose location she knew and thus did not need information to find (she had watched it fall down just previously). These results demonstrate that, in contrast to classic views of infant communication, infants' early pointing at 12 months is already premised on an understanding of others' knowledge and ignorance, along with a prosocial motive to help others by providing needed information. (C) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - Infancy

KW - Communication

KW - Social cognition

KW - Knowledge/ignorance

KW - Cooperation

KW - Helping

KW - Informing

KW - Pointing

KW - INFANTS

KW - BELIEFS

KW - ATTRIBUTION

KW - SENSITIVITY

KW - ATTENTION

KW - POINT

KW - STATE

U2 - 10.1016/j.cognition.2008.06.013

DO - 10.1016/j.cognition.2008.06.013

M3 - Article

VL - 108

SP - 732

EP - 739

JO - Cognition

JF - Cognition

SN - 0010-0277

IS - 3

ER -

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