Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Two-billion-year-old evaporites capture Earth's great oxidation

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Standard

Two-billion-year-old evaporites capture Earth's great oxidation. / Blättler, Clara; Claire, Mark; Prave, Anthony Robert; Zerkle, Aubrey Lea; Warke, Matthew Robert.

In: Science, 22.03.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Blättler, C, Claire, M, Prave, AR, Zerkle, AL & Warke, MR 2018, 'Two-billion-year-old evaporites capture Earth's great oxidation' Science. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aar2687

APA

Blättler, C., Claire, M., Prave, A. R., Zerkle, A. L., & Warke, M. R. (2018). Two-billion-year-old evaporites capture Earth's great oxidation. Science, [eaar2687]. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aar2687

Vancouver

Blättler C, Claire M, Prave AR, Zerkle AL, Warke MR. Two-billion-year-old evaporites capture Earth's great oxidation. Science. 2018 Mar 22. eaar2687. https://doi.org/10.1126/science.aar2687

Author

Blättler, Clara ; Claire, Mark ; Prave, Anthony Robert ; Zerkle, Aubrey Lea ; Warke, Matthew Robert. / Two-billion-year-old evaporites capture Earth's great oxidation. In: Science. 2018.

Bibtex - Download

@article{e8a141cfd2574529803769c4a99852c2,
title = "Two-billion-year-old evaporites capture Earth's great oxidation",
abstract = "Major changes in atmospheric and ocean chemistry occurred in the Paleoproterozoic Era (2.5–1.6 billion years ago). Increasing oxidation dramatically changed Earth’s surface, but few quantitative constraints exist on this important transition. This study describes the sedimentology, mineralogy, and geochemistry of a remarkably preserved two-billion-year-old and ~800 meter-thick evaporite succession from the Onega Basin in Russian Karelia. The deposit consists of a basal unit dominated by halite (~100 m) followed by anhydrite-magnesite (~500 m) and dolomite-magnesite (~200 m) dominated units. The evaporite minerals provide a robust constraint that marine sulfate concentrations were at least 10 mmol/kg, representing an oxidant reservoir equivalent to over 20{\%} of the modern ocean-atmosphere oxidizing capacity. These results show that substantial amounts of surface oxidant accumulated during this critical transition in Earth’s oxygenation.",
author = "Clara Bl{\"a}ttler and Mark Claire and Prave, {Anthony Robert} and Zerkle, {Aubrey Lea} and Warke, {Matthew Robert}",
note = "Funding sources: Simons Foundation (SCOL 339006 to C.L.B.), European Research Council (ERC Horizon 2020 grant 678812 to M.C.), Research Council of Norway (RCN Centres of Excellence funding scheme project 223259 to K.P. and A.L.), Estonian Science Agency (PUT696 to K.K., A.L., K.P., T.K.).",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
day = "22",
doi = "10.1126/science.aar2687",
language = "English",
journal = "Science",
issn = "0036-8075",
publisher = "AMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Two-billion-year-old evaporites capture Earth's great oxidation

AU - Blättler, Clara

AU - Claire, Mark

AU - Prave, Anthony Robert

AU - Zerkle, Aubrey Lea

AU - Warke, Matthew Robert

N1 - Funding sources: Simons Foundation (SCOL 339006 to C.L.B.), European Research Council (ERC Horizon 2020 grant 678812 to M.C.), Research Council of Norway (RCN Centres of Excellence funding scheme project 223259 to K.P. and A.L.), Estonian Science Agency (PUT696 to K.K., A.L., K.P., T.K.).

PY - 2018/3/22

Y1 - 2018/3/22

N2 - Major changes in atmospheric and ocean chemistry occurred in the Paleoproterozoic Era (2.5–1.6 billion years ago). Increasing oxidation dramatically changed Earth’s surface, but few quantitative constraints exist on this important transition. This study describes the sedimentology, mineralogy, and geochemistry of a remarkably preserved two-billion-year-old and ~800 meter-thick evaporite succession from the Onega Basin in Russian Karelia. The deposit consists of a basal unit dominated by halite (~100 m) followed by anhydrite-magnesite (~500 m) and dolomite-magnesite (~200 m) dominated units. The evaporite minerals provide a robust constraint that marine sulfate concentrations were at least 10 mmol/kg, representing an oxidant reservoir equivalent to over 20% of the modern ocean-atmosphere oxidizing capacity. These results show that substantial amounts of surface oxidant accumulated during this critical transition in Earth’s oxygenation.

AB - Major changes in atmospheric and ocean chemistry occurred in the Paleoproterozoic Era (2.5–1.6 billion years ago). Increasing oxidation dramatically changed Earth’s surface, but few quantitative constraints exist on this important transition. This study describes the sedimentology, mineralogy, and geochemistry of a remarkably preserved two-billion-year-old and ~800 meter-thick evaporite succession from the Onega Basin in Russian Karelia. The deposit consists of a basal unit dominated by halite (~100 m) followed by anhydrite-magnesite (~500 m) and dolomite-magnesite (~200 m) dominated units. The evaporite minerals provide a robust constraint that marine sulfate concentrations were at least 10 mmol/kg, representing an oxidant reservoir equivalent to over 20% of the modern ocean-atmosphere oxidizing capacity. These results show that substantial amounts of surface oxidant accumulated during this critical transition in Earth’s oxygenation.

U2 - 10.1126/science.aar2687

DO - 10.1126/science.aar2687

M3 - Article

JO - Science

T2 - Science

JF - Science

SN - 0036-8075

M1 - eaar2687

ER -

Related by author

  1. Anaerobic nitrogen cycling on a Neoarchean ocean margin

    Mettam, C. W., Zerkle, A. L., Claire, M., Prave, A. R., Poulton, S. W. & Junium, C. K., 17 Sep 2019, In : Earth and Planetary Science Letters. 527, 115800.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Multiple sulphur isotope records tracking basinal and global processes in the 1.98 Ga Zaonega Formation, NW Russia

    Paiste, K., Lepland, A., Zerkle, A. L., Kirsimäe, K., Izon, G. J., Patel, N., McLean, F., Kreitsmann, T., Mänd, K., Bui, T., Romashkin, A., Rychanchik, D. & Prave, A. R., 5 Nov 2018, In : Chemical Geology. 499, p. 151-164 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. High-frequency fluctuations in redox conditions during the latest Permian mass extinction

    Mettam, C., Zerkle, A. L., Claire, M. W., Izon, G., Junium, C. J. & Twitchett, R. J., 1 Nov 2017, In : Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology. 485, p. 210-223

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Biological regulation of atmospheric chemistry en route to planetary oxygenation

    Izon, G., Zerkle, A. L., Williford, K., Farquhar, J., Poulton, S. & Claire, M. W., 28 Mar 2017, In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 114, 13, p. 2571-2579

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Onset of the aerobic nitrogen cycle during the Great Oxidation Event

    Zerkle, A. L., Poulton, S. W., Newton, R. J., Mettam, C., Claire, M. W., Bekker, A. & Junium, C. K., 23 Feb 2017, In : Nature. 542, p. 465-467 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

Related by journal

  1. Science (Journal)

    Will Cresswell (Reviewer)
    8 Mar 2018

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  2. Science (Journal)

    Anne Magurran (Member of editorial board)
    1 Jan 201831 Dec 2019

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  3. Science (Journal)

    Aileen Fyfe (Reviewer)
    6 Sep 2017

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  4. Science (Journal)

    Will Cresswell (Reviewer)
    6 Jul 2017

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  5. Science (Journal)

    Anne Magurran (Member of editorial board)
    1 Jan 201731 Dec 2017

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

Related by journal

  1. Animal cultures matter for conservation

    Brakes, P., Dall, S. R. X., Aplin, L. M., Bearhop, S., Carroll, E. L., Ciucci, P., Fishlock, V., Ford, J. K. B., Garland, E. C., Keith, S. A., McGregor, P. K., Mesnick, S. L., Noad, M. J., Notarbartolo di Sciara, G., Robbins, M. M., Simmonds, M. P., Spina, F., Thornton, A., Wade, P. R., Whiting, M. J. & 5 othersWilliams, J., Rendell, L., Whitehead, H., Whiten, A. & Rutz, C., 8 Mar 2019, In : Science. 363, 6431, p. 1032-1034 5 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Human impact erodes chimpanzee behavioral diversity

    Kühl, H. S., Boesch, C., Kulik, L., Haas, F., Arandjelovic, M., Dieguez, P., Bocksberger, G., McElreath, M. B., Agbor, A., Angedakin, S., Ayimisin, E. A., Bailey, E., Barubiyo, D., Bessone, M., Brazzola, G., Chancellor, R., Cohen, H., Coupland, C., Danquah, E., Deschner, T. & 57 othersDiotoh, O., Dowd, D., Dunn, A., Egbe, V. E., Eshuis, H., Fernandez, R., Ginath, Y., Goedmakers, A., Granjon, A. C., Head, J., Hedwig, D., Hermans, V., Imong, I., Jeffery, K. J., Jones, S., Junker, J., Kadam, P., Kambere, M., Kambi, M., Kienast, I., Kujirakwinja, D., Langergraber, K., Lapuente, J., Larson, B., Lee, K., Leinert, V., Llana, M., Maretti, G., Marrocoli, S., Mbi, T. J., Meier, A. C., Morgan, B., Morgan, D., Mulindahabi, F., Murai, M., Neil, E., Niyigaba, P., Ormsby, L. J., Pacheco, L., Piel, A., Preece, J., Regnaut, S., Rundus, A., Sanz, C., Schijndel, J. V., Sommer, V., Stewart, F., Tagg, N., Vendras, E., Vergnes, V., Welsh, A., Wessling, E. G., Willie, J., Wittig, R. M., Yurkiw, K., Zuberbuehler, K. & Kalan, A. K., 29 Mar 2019, In : Science. 363, 6434, p. 1453-1455 3 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Extended Heredity A New Understanding of Inheritance and Evolution

    Laland, K. N., 29 Jun 2018, In : Science. 360, 6396, p. 1408-1408 1 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalBook/Film/Article review

  4. Giant polarization in super-tetragonal ferroelectric thin films through interphase strain

    Zhang, L., Chen, J., Fan, L., Diéguez, O., Cao, J., Pan, Z., Wang, Y., Wang, J., Kim, M., Deng, S., Wang, J., Wang, H., Deng, J., Yu, R., Scott, J. F. & Xing, X., 3 Aug 2018, In : Science. 361, 6401, p. 494-497

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Predicting global killer whale population collapse from PCB pollution

    Desforges, J-P., Hall, A., McConnell, B., Rosing-Asvid, A., Barber, J. L., Brownlow, A., De Guise, S., Eulaers, I., Jepson, P. D., Letcher, R. J., Levin, M., Ross, P. S., Samarra, F., Vikingson, G., Sonne, C. & Dietz, R., 28 Sep 2018, In : Science. 361, 6409, p. 1373-1376 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 252070717