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Underpotential deposition of Cu on Au(111) from neutral chloride containing electrolyte

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Hannah Aitchison, Nikolaus Meyerbroker, Tien-Lin Lee, Jörg Zegenhagen, Thomas Potter, Herbert A. Früchtl, Izabela Cebula, Manfred Buck

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Abstract

The structure of a chloride terminated copper monolayer electrodeposited onto Au(111) from a CuSO4/KCl electrolyte was investigated ex situ by three complementary experimental techniques (scanning tunneling microscopy (STM), photoelectron spectroscopy (PES), X-ray standing wave (XSW) excitation) and density functional theory (DFT) calculations. STM at atomic resolution reveals a stable, highly ordered layer which exhibits a Moire structure and is described by a (5×5) unit cell. The XSW/PES data yield a well-defined position of the Cu layer and the value of 2.16 A above the topmost Au layer suggests that the atoms are adsorbed in threefold hollow sites. The chloride exhibits some distribution around a distance of 3.77 Å in agreement with the observed Moire pattern due to a higher order commensurate lattice. This structure, a high order commensurate Cl overlayer on top of a commensurate (1×1) Cu layer with Cu at threefold hollow sites, is corroborated by the DFT calculations.
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Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24146-24153
Number of pages8
JournalPhysical Chemistry Chemical Physics
Volume19
Issue number35
Early online date15 Aug 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Sep 2017

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