Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Valuation of ecological and amenity impacts of an offshore windfarm as a factor in marine planning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Author(s)

Tobias Börger, Tara L Hooper, Melanie C Austen

Abstract

Integrated marine planning, which must take into consideration environmental and social impacts, is being introduced widely in Europe, the USA, Australia and elsewhere. Installation of offshore windfarms creates impacts both on local marine ecosystems and the view of the seascape and is one of multiple activities in the marine area that must be addressed by marine planning. The impacts on people's values (and hence welfare) of changes in ecology and amenity that could arise from the installation of a windfarm in the Irish Sea were assessed using a discrete choice experiment administered through an online survey. The ecological changes investigated were: increased species diversity resulting from artificial reef effects, and the effect of electromagnetic fields from subsea cables on marine life; whilst the amenity change was the visibility of offshore turbines from land. Respondents expressed preferences for ecological improvements but had less clear preferences regarding the height and visibility of the turbines. In particular distance decay effects were observed with respondents further away from the coast being less concerned about visual impact created by offshore turbines. Understanding ecological and amenity impacts and how they are valued by people can support the decisions made within marine planning and licensing.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-133
JournalEnvironmental Science and Policy
Volume54
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2015

    Research areas

  • Discrete choice experiment, Offshore wind farm, Visual disamenity, Artificial reefs, Distance decay

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by journal

  1. Multilevel governance of coastal flood risk reduction: a public finance perspective

    Bisaro, A., de Bel, M., Hinkel, J., Kok, S., Stojanovic, T. & Ware, D., Oct 2020, In: Environmental Science and Policy. 112, p. 203-212

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Evaluating the impacts of sea level rise on coastal wetlands in Languedoc-Roussillon, France

    Kuhfuss, L., Rey-Valette, H., Sourisseau, E., Heurtefeux, H. & Rufray, X., 1 May 2016, In: Environmental Science and Policy. 59, p. 26-34 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Climate change mitigation options in the rural land use sector: stakeholders' perspectives on barriers, enablers and the role of policy in north east Scotland

    Feliciano, D., Hunter, C. J., Slee, B. & Smith, P., 2014, In: Environmental Science and Policy. 44, p. 26-38

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. On the use of systematic reviews to inform environmental policies

    Bilotta, G., Milner, A. & Boyd, I. L., Oct 2014, In: Environmental Science and Policy. 42, p. 67-77

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

ID: 246953732

Top