Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Variation in hunting behaviour in neighbouring chimpanzee communities in the Budongo forest, Uganda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Author(s)

Catherine Hobaiter, Liran Samuni, Caroline Mullins, Walter John Akankwasa, Klaus Zuberbühler

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Hunting and sharing of meat is seen across all chimpanzee sites, with variation in prey preferences, hunting techniques, frequencies, and success rates. Here, we compared hunting and meat-eating behaviour in two adjacent chimpanzee communities (Pan troglodytes schweinfurthii) of Budongo Forest, Uganda: the Waibira and Sonso communities. We observed consistent between-group differences in prey-species preferences and in post-hunting behaviour. Sonso chimpanzees show a strong prey preference for Guereza colobus monkeys (Colobus guereza occidentalis; 74.9% hunts), and hunt regularly (1–2 times a month) but with large year-to-year and month-to-month variation. Waibira chimpanzee prey preferences are distributed across primate and duiker species, and resemble those described in an early study of Sonso hunting. Waibira chimpanzees (which include ex-Sonso immigrants) have been observed to feed on red duiker (Cephalophus natalensis; 25%, 9/36 hunts), a species Sonso has never been recorded to feed on (18 years data, 27 years observations), despite no apparent differences in prey distribution; and show less rank-related harassment of meat possessors. We discuss the two most likely and probably interrelated explanations for the observed intergroup variation in chimpanzee hunting behaviour, that is, long-term disruption of complex group-level behaviour due to human presence and possible socially transmitted differences in prey preferences.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0178065
Number of pages17
JournalPLoS One
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 21 Jun 2017

    Research areas

  • Pan troglodytes, Meat sharing, Monopolization, Hunting, Food preference, Social learning, Tradition, Animal culture, Conformity, Habituation

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. First observation of Dorylus ant feeding in Budongo chimpanzees supports absence of stick-tool culture

    Mugisha, S., Zuberbuehler, K. & Hobaiter, C. Jul 2016 In : Primates. 57, 3, p. 389-394 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. The spread of a novel behaviour in wild chimpanzees: new insights into the ape cultural mind

    Gruber, T., Poisot, T., Zuberbuehler, K., Hoppitt, W. & Hobaiter, C. May 2015 In : Communicative and Integrative Biology. 8, 2, 3 p., e1017164

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Social network analysis shows direct evidence for social transmission of tool use in wild chimpanzees

    Hobaiter, C., Poisot, T., Zuberbuehler, K., Hoppitt, W. & Gruber, T. 30 Sep 2014 In : PLoS Biology. 12, 9, 12 p., e1001960

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Lethal aggression in Pan is better explained by adaptive strategies than human impacts

    Wilson, M. L. , Boesch, C. , Fruth, B. , Furuichi, T. , Gilby, I. C. , Hashimoto, C. , Hobaiter, C. , Hohmann, G. , Itoh, N. , Koops, K. , Lloyd, J. N. , Matsuzawa, T. , Mitani, J. C. , Mjungu, D. C. , Morgan, D. , Muller, M. N. , Mundry, R. , Nakamura, M. , Pruetz, J. , Pusey, A. E. & 10 others Riedel, J., Sanz, C., Schel, A. M., Simmons, N., Waller, M., Watts, D. P., White, F., Wittig, R. M., Zuberbuehler, K. & Wrangham, R. W. 18 Sep 2014 In : Nature. 513, 7518, p. 414-417 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalLetter

Related by journal

  1. 16S rRNA gene metabarcoding and TEM reveals different ecological strategies within the genus Neogloboquadrina (planktonic foraminifer)

    Bird, C., Darling, K. F., Russell, A. D., Fehrenbacher, J. S., Davis, C. V., Free, A. & Ngwenya, B. T. 29 Jan 2018 In : PLoS One. 13, 1, 26 p., e0191653

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Autophagic flux blockage by accumulation of weakly basic tenovins leads to elimination of B-Raf mutant tumour cells that survive vemurafenib

    Ladds, M. J. G. W., Pastor-Fernández, A., Popova, G., van Leeuwen, I. M. M., Eng, K. E., Drummond, C. J., Johansson, L., Svensson, R., Westwood, N. J., McCarthy, A. R., Tholander, F., Popa, M., Lane, D. P., McCormack, E., McInerney, G. M., Bhatia, R. & Laín, S. 23 Apr 2018 In : PLoS One. 13, 4, 21 p., e0195956

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Body density of humpback whales (Megaptera novaengliae) in feeding aggregations estimated from hydrodynamic gliding performance

    Narazaki, T., Isojunno, S., Nowacek, D. P., Swift, R., Friedlaender, A. S., Ramp, C., Smout, S., Aoki, K., Deecke, V. B., Sato, K. & Miller, P. J. O. 12 Jul 2018 In : PLoS ONE. 13, 7, 23 p., e0200287

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Context or composition: how does neighbourhood deprivation impact upon adolescent smoking behaviour?

    Morris, T., Manley, D. & van Ham, M. 8 Feb 2018 In : PLoS One. 13, 2, 16 p., e0192566

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Primate social attention: species differences and effects of individual experience in humans, great apes, and macaques

    Kano, F., Shepherd, S. V., Hirata, S. & Call, J. 23 Feb 2018 In : PLoS One. 13, 2, 25 p., e0193283

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. PLoS One (Journal)

    Young, S. (Reviewer)
    7 Jun 201719 Jun 2017

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPeer review of manuscripts

  2. PLoS One (Journal)

    Hughes, D. J. (Reviewer)
    2014 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPeer review of manuscripts

  3. PLoS One (Journal)

    Smith, T. K. (Member of editorial board)
    2014 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPeer review of manuscripts

  4. PLoS One (Journal)

    Ozakinci, G. (Editor)
    2013

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

  5. PLoS One (Journal)

    Williams, D. J. (Reviewer)
    2013 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workPeer review of manuscripts

ID: 250006019