Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Vessel noise effects on delphinid communication

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Author(s)

F. H. Jensen, L. Bejder, M. Wahlberg, N. Aguilar Soto, P. T. Madsen, Mark Johnson

School/Research organisations

Abstract

Increasing numbers and speeds of vessels in areas with populations of cetaceans may have the cumulative effect of reducing habitat quality by increasing the underwater noise level. Here, we first use digital acoustic tags to demonstrate that free-ranging delphinids in a coastal deep-water habitat are subjected to varying and occasionally intense levels of vessel noise. Vessel noise and sound propagation measurements from. a shallow-water habitat are then used to model the potential impact of high sound levels from small vessels on delphinid communication in both shallow and deep habitats, with bottlenose dolphins Tursiops sp. and short-finned pilot whales Globicephala macrorhynchus as model organisms. We find that small vessels travelling at 5 knots in shallow water can reduce the communication range of bottlenose dolphins within 50 m by 26%. Pilot whales in a quieter deep-water habitat could suffer a reduction in their communication range of 58% caused by a vessel at similar range and speed. Increased cavitation noise at higher speeds drastically increases the impact on the communication range. Gear shifts generate high-level transient sounds (peak-peak source levels of up to 200 dB re 1 mu Pa) that may be audible over many kilometres and may disturb close-range animals. We conclude that noise from small vessels can significantly mask acoustically mediated communication in delphinids and contribute to the documented negative impacts on animal fitness.

Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)161-175
Number of pages15
JournalMarine Ecology Progress Series
Volume395
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Long-term sound and movement recording tags to study natural behavior and reaction to ship noise of seals

    Mikkelsen, L., Johnson, M., Wisniewska, D. M., van Neer, A., Siebert, U., Madsen, P. T. & Teilmann, J., 6 Feb 2019, In : Ecology and Evolution. Early View, 14 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Advances in research on the impacts of anti-submarine sonar on beaked whales

    Bernaldo De Quirós, Y., Fernandez, A., Baird, R. W., Brownell, R. L., Aguilar De Soto, N., Allen, D., Arbelo, M., Arregui, M., Costidis, A., Fahlman, A., Frantzis, A., Gulland, F. M. D., Iñíguez, M., Johnson, M., Komnenou, A., Koopman, H., Pabst, D. A., Roe, W. D., Sierra, E., Tejedor, M. & 1 othersSchorr, G., 30 Jan 2019, In : Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 286, 1895, 20182533.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  3. Dolphin echolocation behaviour during active long-range target approaches

    Ladegaard, M., Mulsow, J., Houser, D. S., Jensen, F. H., Johnson, M., Madsen, P. T. & Finneran, J. J., 25 Jan 2019, In : Journal of Experimental Biology. 222, 12 p., jeb189217.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. A 2.6-gram sound and movement tag for studying the acoustic scene and kinematics of echolocating bats

    Stidsholt, L., Johnson, M., Beedholm, K., Jakobsen, L., Kugler, K., Brinkløv, S., Salles, A., Moss, C. F. & Madsen, P. T., Jan 2019, In : Methods in Ecology and Evolution. 10, 1, p. 48-58 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. High field metabolic rates of wild harbour porpoises

    Rojano-Doñate, L., McDonald, B. I., Wisniewska, D. M., Johnson, M., Teilmann, J., Wahlberg, M., Højer-Kristensen, J. & Madsen, P. T., 6 Dec 2018, In : Journal of Experimental Biology. 221, 23, 12 p., jeb185827.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Habitat use of culturally distinct Galápagos sperm whale Physeter macrocephalus clans

    Eguiguren, A., Pirotta, E., Cantor, M., Rendell, L. & Whitehead, H., 17 Jan 2019, In : Marine Ecology Progress Series. 609, p. 257-270

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Context-dependent reduction in somatic condition of wild Atlantic salmon infested with sea lice

    Susdorf, R., Salama, N., Todd, C. D., Hillman, R., Elsmere, P. & Lusseau, D., 15 Nov 2018, In : Marine Ecology Progress Series. 606, p. 91-104

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Cumulative effects of cyclones and bleaching on coral cover and species richness at Lizard Island

    Madin, J. S., Baird, A. H., Bridge, T. C. L., Connolly, S. R., Zawada, K. J. A. & Dornelas, M., 4 Oct 2018, In : Marine Ecology Progress Series. 604, p. 263-268 6 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Effects of tropical storms on the demography of reef corals

    Baird, A. H., Alvarez-Noriega, M., Cumbo, V. R., Connolly, S. R., Dornelas, M. & Madin, J. S., 15 Nov 2018, In : Marine Ecology Progress Series. 606, p. 29-38 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Marine Ecology Progress Series (Journal)

    Sophie Caroline Smout (Reviewer)
    1 Mar 201630 Mar 2016

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  2. Marine Ecology Progress Series (Journal)

    Nora Nell Hanson (Reviewer)
    Dec 2013

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  3. Marine Ecology Progress Series (Journal)

    Andrew Stuart Brierley (Editor)
    20092011

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

ID: 21712780