Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Standard

Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets. / Gunhold, Tina; Whiten, Andrew; Bugnyar, Thomas.

In: Biology Letters, Vol. 10, No. 9, 09.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Gunhold, T, Whiten, A & Bugnyar, T 2014, 'Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets' Biology Letters, vol 10, no. 9. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439

APA

Gunhold, T., Whiten, A., & Bugnyar, T. (2014). Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets. Biology Letters, 10(9). DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439

Vancouver

Gunhold T, Whiten A, Bugnyar T. Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets. Biology Letters. 2014 Sep;10(9). Available from, DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439

Author

Gunhold, Tina; Whiten, Andrew; Bugnyar, Thomas / Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets.

In: Biology Letters, Vol. 10, No. 9, 09.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bibtex - Download

@article{06a6e0d8aacb4a11a8f826d80751ab01,
title = "Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets",
abstract = "Studies of social learning and tradition formation under field conditions have recently gained momentum, but suffer from the limited control of socio-ecological factors thought to be responsible for transmission patterns. The use of artificial visual stimuli is a potentially powerful tool to overcome some of these problems. Here, in a field experiment, we used video images of unfamiliar conspecifics performing virtual demonstrations of foraging techniques. We tested 12 family groups of wild common marmosets. Six groups received video demonstrations (footage of conspecifics either pulling a drawer open or pushing a lid upwards, in an ‘artificial fruit’); the other six groups served as controls (exposed to a static image of a conspecific next to the fruit). Subjects in video groups were more manipulative and successful in opening the fruit than controls; they were also more likely to use the technique they had witnessed and thus could serve as live models for other family members. To our knowledge, this is the first study that used video demonstrations in the wild and demonstrated the potent force of social learning, even from unfamiliar conspecifics, under field conditions.",
keywords = "Primates, Field experiment, Social learning, Seeding information, Video demonstration",
author = "Tina Gunhold and Andrew Whiten and Thomas Bugnyar",
year = "2014",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439",
volume = "10",
journal = "Biology Letters",
issn = "1744-9561",
publisher = "ROYAL SOC",
number = "9",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets

AU - Gunhold,Tina

AU - Whiten,Andrew

AU - Bugnyar,Thomas

PY - 2014/9

Y1 - 2014/9

N2 - Studies of social learning and tradition formation under field conditions have recently gained momentum, but suffer from the limited control of socio-ecological factors thought to be responsible for transmission patterns. The use of artificial visual stimuli is a potentially powerful tool to overcome some of these problems. Here, in a field experiment, we used video images of unfamiliar conspecifics performing virtual demonstrations of foraging techniques. We tested 12 family groups of wild common marmosets. Six groups received video demonstrations (footage of conspecifics either pulling a drawer open or pushing a lid upwards, in an ‘artificial fruit’); the other six groups served as controls (exposed to a static image of a conspecific next to the fruit). Subjects in video groups were more manipulative and successful in opening the fruit than controls; they were also more likely to use the technique they had witnessed and thus could serve as live models for other family members. To our knowledge, this is the first study that used video demonstrations in the wild and demonstrated the potent force of social learning, even from unfamiliar conspecifics, under field conditions.

AB - Studies of social learning and tradition formation under field conditions have recently gained momentum, but suffer from the limited control of socio-ecological factors thought to be responsible for transmission patterns. The use of artificial visual stimuli is a potentially powerful tool to overcome some of these problems. Here, in a field experiment, we used video images of unfamiliar conspecifics performing virtual demonstrations of foraging techniques. We tested 12 family groups of wild common marmosets. Six groups received video demonstrations (footage of conspecifics either pulling a drawer open or pushing a lid upwards, in an ‘artificial fruit’); the other six groups served as controls (exposed to a static image of a conspecific next to the fruit). Subjects in video groups were more manipulative and successful in opening the fruit than controls; they were also more likely to use the technique they had witnessed and thus could serve as live models for other family members. To our knowledge, this is the first study that used video demonstrations in the wild and demonstrated the potent force of social learning, even from unfamiliar conspecifics, under field conditions.

KW - Primates

KW - Field experiment

KW - Social learning

KW - Seeding information

KW - Video demonstration

U2 - 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439

DO - 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439

M3 - Article

VL - 10

JO - Biology Letters

T2 - Biology Letters

JF - Biology Letters

SN - 1744-9561

IS - 9

ER -

Related by author

  1. A second inheritance system: the extension of biology through culture

    Whiten, A. 6 Oct 2017 In : Interface Focus. 7, 5, 16 p., 20160142

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Acquisition of a socially learned tool use sequence in chimpanzees: implications for cumulative culture

    Vale, G. L., Davis, S. J., Lambeth, S. P., Schapiro, S. J. & Whiten, A. Sep 2017 In : Evolution and Human Behavior. 38, 5, p. 635-644 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Resilience of experimentally-seeded dietary traditions in wild vervets: evidence from group fissions

    van de Waal, E., van Schaik, C. P. & Whiten, A. 1 Aug 2017 In : American Journal of Primatology. Early View

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Adaptive cultural transmission biases in children and nonhuman primates

    Price, E. E., Wood, L. A. & Whiten, A. Aug 2017 In : Infant Behavior and Development. 48, Part A, p. 45-53 9 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  5. The extension of biology through culture

    Whiten, A., Ayala, F., Feldman, M. W. & Laland, K. N. 24 Jul 2017 In : Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. Early Edition, 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Living in stable social groups is associated with reduced brain size in woodpeckers (Picidae)

    Fedorova, N., Evans, C. L. & Byrne, R. W. 8 Mar 2017 In : Biology Letters. 13, 3, 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Testing for departure from uniformity and estimating mean direction for circular data

    Ruxton, G. D. 18 Jan 2017 In : Biology Letters. 13, 1, 4 p., 20160756

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Seabird diversity hotspot linked to ocean productivity in the Canary Current Large Marine Ecosystem

    Grecian, W. J., Witt, M. J., Attrill, M. J., Bearhop, S., Becker, P. H., Egevang, C., Furness, R. W., Godley, B. J., González-Solís, J., Grémillet, D., Kopp, M., Lescroël, A., Matthiopoulos, J., Patrick, S. C., Peter, H-U., Phillips, R. A., Stenhouse, I. J. & Voltier, S. C. 16 Aug 2016 In : Biology Letters. 12, 8, 5 p., 20160024

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Activity profiles and hook-tool use of New Caledonian crows recorded by bird-borne video cameras

    Troscianko, J. & Rutz, C. 23 Dec 2015 In : Biology Letters. 11, 12, 20150777

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. A novel form of spontaneous tool use displayed by several captive greater vasa parrots (Coracopsis vasa)

    Lambert, M. L., Seed, A. M. & Slocombe, K. E. 1 Dec 2015 In : Biology Letters. 11, 12, 4 p., 20150861

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Biology Letters (Journal)

    Ruxton, G. D. (Editor)
    2012 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

  2. Biology Letters (Journal)

    Shuker, D. M. (Member of editorial board)
    2011

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

  3. Biology Letters (Journal)

    Spencer, K. A. (Member of editorial board)
    1 Apr 2011

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

  4. Biology Letters (Journal)

    Richard William Byrne (Member of editorial board)
    20072012

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

  5. Biology Letters (Journal)

    Ritchie, M. G. (Editor)
    20052010

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

ID: 145968674