Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

Standard

Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets. / Gunhold, Tina; Whiten, Andrew; Bugnyar, Thomas.

In: Biology Letters, Vol. 10, No. 9, 09.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Gunhold, T, Whiten, A & Bugnyar, T 2014, 'Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets' Biology Letters, vol 10, no. 9. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439

APA

Gunhold, T., Whiten, A., & Bugnyar, T. (2014). Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets. Biology Letters, 10(9). DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439

Vancouver

Gunhold T, Whiten A, Bugnyar T. Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets. Biology Letters. 2014 Sep;10(9). Available from, DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439

Author

Gunhold, Tina ; Whiten, Andrew ; Bugnyar, Thomas. / Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets. In: Biology Letters. 2014 ; Vol. 10, No. 9.

Bibtex - Download

@article{06a6e0d8aacb4a11a8f826d80751ab01,
title = "Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets",
abstract = "Studies of social learning and tradition formation under field conditions have recently gained momentum, but suffer from the limited control of socio-ecological factors thought to be responsible for transmission patterns. The use of artificial visual stimuli is a potentially powerful tool to overcome some of these problems. Here, in a field experiment, we used video images of unfamiliar conspecifics performing virtual demonstrations of foraging techniques. We tested 12 family groups of wild common marmosets. Six groups received video demonstrations (footage of conspecifics either pulling a drawer open or pushing a lid upwards, in an ‘artificial fruit’); the other six groups served as controls (exposed to a static image of a conspecific next to the fruit). Subjects in video groups were more manipulative and successful in opening the fruit than controls; they were also more likely to use the technique they had witnessed and thus could serve as live models for other family members. To our knowledge, this is the first study that used video demonstrations in the wild and demonstrated the potent force of social learning, even from unfamiliar conspecifics, under field conditions.",
keywords = "Primates, Field experiment, Social learning, Seeding information, Video demonstration",
author = "Tina Gunhold and Andrew Whiten and Thomas Bugnyar",
year = "2014",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439",
language = "English",
volume = "10",
journal = "Biology Letters",
issn = "1744-9561",
publisher = "The Royal Society",
number = "9",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets

AU - Gunhold,Tina

AU - Whiten,Andrew

AU - Bugnyar,Thomas

PY - 2014/9

Y1 - 2014/9

N2 - Studies of social learning and tradition formation under field conditions have recently gained momentum, but suffer from the limited control of socio-ecological factors thought to be responsible for transmission patterns. The use of artificial visual stimuli is a potentially powerful tool to overcome some of these problems. Here, in a field experiment, we used video images of unfamiliar conspecifics performing virtual demonstrations of foraging techniques. We tested 12 family groups of wild common marmosets. Six groups received video demonstrations (footage of conspecifics either pulling a drawer open or pushing a lid upwards, in an ‘artificial fruit’); the other six groups served as controls (exposed to a static image of a conspecific next to the fruit). Subjects in video groups were more manipulative and successful in opening the fruit than controls; they were also more likely to use the technique they had witnessed and thus could serve as live models for other family members. To our knowledge, this is the first study that used video demonstrations in the wild and demonstrated the potent force of social learning, even from unfamiliar conspecifics, under field conditions.

AB - Studies of social learning and tradition formation under field conditions have recently gained momentum, but suffer from the limited control of socio-ecological factors thought to be responsible for transmission patterns. The use of artificial visual stimuli is a potentially powerful tool to overcome some of these problems. Here, in a field experiment, we used video images of unfamiliar conspecifics performing virtual demonstrations of foraging techniques. We tested 12 family groups of wild common marmosets. Six groups received video demonstrations (footage of conspecifics either pulling a drawer open or pushing a lid upwards, in an ‘artificial fruit’); the other six groups served as controls (exposed to a static image of a conspecific next to the fruit). Subjects in video groups were more manipulative and successful in opening the fruit than controls; they were also more likely to use the technique they had witnessed and thus could serve as live models for other family members. To our knowledge, this is the first study that used video demonstrations in the wild and demonstrated the potent force of social learning, even from unfamiliar conspecifics, under field conditions.

KW - Primates

KW - Field experiment

KW - Social learning

KW - Seeding information

KW - Video demonstration

U2 - 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439

DO - 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439

M3 - Article

VL - 10

JO - Biology Letters

T2 - Biology Letters

JF - Biology Letters

SN - 1744-9561

IS - 9

ER -

Related by author

  1. Behavioral conservatism is linked to complexity of behavior in chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes): implications for cognition and cumulative culture

    Davis, S. J., Schapiro, S. J., Lambeth, S. P., Wood, L. A. & Whiten, A. 19 Jul 2018 In : Journal of Comparative Psychology. Advance Online

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. The interaction of social and perceivable causal factors in shaping ‘over-imitation’

    Burdett, E. R. R., McGuigan, N., Harrison, R. & Whiten, A. Jul 2018 In : Cognitive Development. 47, p. 8-18 11 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Chimpanzees demonstrate individual differences in social information use

    Watson, S. K., Vale, G. L., Hopper, L. M., Dean, L. G., Kendal, R. L., Price, E. E., Wood, L. A., Davis, S. J., Schapiro, S. J., Lambeth, S. P. & Whiten, A. 19 Jun 2018 In : Animal Cognition. In press, 12 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. The pervasive role of social learning in primate lifetime development

    Whiten, A. & van de Waal, E. May 2018 In : Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. 72, 16 p., 80

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Related by journal

  1. Dominance structure of assemblages is regulated over a period of rapid environmental change

    Jones, F. A. M. & Magurran, A. E. Jun 2018 In : Biology Letters. 14, 6

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Vestigial singing behaviour persists after the evolutionary loss of song in crickets

    Schneider, W., Rutz, C., Hedwig, B. & Bailey, N. W. 14 Feb 2018 In : Biology Letters. 14, 2, 4 p., 20170654

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Living in stable social groups is associated with reduced brain size in woodpeckers (Picidae)

    Fedorova, N., Evans, C. L. & Byrne, R. W. Mar 2017 In : Biology Letters. 13, 3, 4 p., 20170008

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Testing for departure from uniformity and estimating mean direction for circular data

    Ruxton, G. D. 18 Jan 2017 In : Biology Letters. 13, 1, 4 p., 20160756

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Treating hummingbirds as feathered bees: a case of ethological cross-pollination

    Pritchard, D. J., Tello Ramos, M. C., Muth, F. & Healy, S. D. Dec 2017 In : Biology Letters. 13, 12, 6 p., 20170610

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

Related by journal

  1. Biology Letters (Journal)

    Ruxton, G. D. (Editor)
    2012 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

  2. Biology Letters (Journal)

    Spencer, K. A. (Member of editorial board)
    1 Apr 2011

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

  3. Biology Letters (Journal)

    Shuker, D. M. (Member of editorial board)
    2011

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

  4. Biology Letters (Journal)

    Byrne, R. W. (Member of editorial board)
    20072012

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

  5. Biology Letters (Journal)

    Ritchie, M. G. (Editor)
    20052010

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial workEditor of research journal

ID: 145968674