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Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

DOI

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Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets. / Gunhold, Tina; Whiten, Andrew; Bugnyar, Thomas.

In: Biology Letters, Vol. 10, No. 9, 09.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Harvard

Gunhold, T, Whiten, A & Bugnyar, T 2014, 'Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets' Biology Letters, vol 10, no. 9. DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439

APA

Gunhold, T., Whiten, A., & Bugnyar, T. (2014). Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets. Biology Letters, 10(9). DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439

Vancouver

Gunhold T, Whiten A, Bugnyar T. Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets. Biology Letters. 2014 Sep;10(9). Available from, DOI: 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439

Author

Gunhold, Tina; Whiten, Andrew; Bugnyar, Thomas / Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets.

In: Biology Letters, Vol. 10, No. 9, 09.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Bibtex - Download

@article{06a6e0d8aacb4a11a8f826d80751ab01,
title = "Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets",
abstract = "Studies of social learning and tradition formation under field conditions have recently gained momentum, but suffer from the limited control of socio-ecological factors thought to be responsible for transmission patterns. The use of artificial visual stimuli is a potentially powerful tool to overcome some of these problems. Here, in a field experiment, we used video images of unfamiliar conspecifics performing virtual demonstrations of foraging techniques. We tested 12 family groups of wild common marmosets. Six groups received video demonstrations (footage of conspecifics either pulling a drawer open or pushing a lid upwards, in an ‘artificial fruit’); the other six groups served as controls (exposed to a static image of a conspecific next to the fruit). Subjects in video groups were more manipulative and successful in opening the fruit than controls; they were also more likely to use the technique they had witnessed and thus could serve as live models for other family members. To our knowledge, this is the first study that used video demonstrations in the wild and demonstrated the potent force of social learning, even from unfamiliar conspecifics, under field conditions.",
keywords = "Primates, Field experiment, Social learning, Seeding information, Video demonstration",
author = "Tina Gunhold and Andrew Whiten and Thomas Bugnyar",
year = "2014",
month = "9",
doi = "10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439",
volume = "10",
journal = "Biology Letters",
issn = "1744-9561",
publisher = "ROYAL SOC",
number = "9",

}

RIS (suitable for import to EndNote) - Download

TY - JOUR

T1 - Video demonstrations seed alternative problem-solving techniques in wild common marmosets

AU - Gunhold,Tina

AU - Whiten,Andrew

AU - Bugnyar,Thomas

PY - 2014/9

Y1 - 2014/9

N2 - Studies of social learning and tradition formation under field conditions have recently gained momentum, but suffer from the limited control of socio-ecological factors thought to be responsible for transmission patterns. The use of artificial visual stimuli is a potentially powerful tool to overcome some of these problems. Here, in a field experiment, we used video images of unfamiliar conspecifics performing virtual demonstrations of foraging techniques. We tested 12 family groups of wild common marmosets. Six groups received video demonstrations (footage of conspecifics either pulling a drawer open or pushing a lid upwards, in an ‘artificial fruit’); the other six groups served as controls (exposed to a static image of a conspecific next to the fruit). Subjects in video groups were more manipulative and successful in opening the fruit than controls; they were also more likely to use the technique they had witnessed and thus could serve as live models for other family members. To our knowledge, this is the first study that used video demonstrations in the wild and demonstrated the potent force of social learning, even from unfamiliar conspecifics, under field conditions.

AB - Studies of social learning and tradition formation under field conditions have recently gained momentum, but suffer from the limited control of socio-ecological factors thought to be responsible for transmission patterns. The use of artificial visual stimuli is a potentially powerful tool to overcome some of these problems. Here, in a field experiment, we used video images of unfamiliar conspecifics performing virtual demonstrations of foraging techniques. We tested 12 family groups of wild common marmosets. Six groups received video demonstrations (footage of conspecifics either pulling a drawer open or pushing a lid upwards, in an ‘artificial fruit’); the other six groups served as controls (exposed to a static image of a conspecific next to the fruit). Subjects in video groups were more manipulative and successful in opening the fruit than controls; they were also more likely to use the technique they had witnessed and thus could serve as live models for other family members. To our knowledge, this is the first study that used video demonstrations in the wild and demonstrated the potent force of social learning, even from unfamiliar conspecifics, under field conditions.

KW - Primates

KW - Field experiment

KW - Social learning

KW - Seeding information

KW - Video demonstration

U2 - 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439

DO - 10.1098/rsbl.2014.0439

M3 - Article

VL - 10

JO - Biology Letters

T2 - Biology Letters

JF - Biology Letters

SN - 1744-9561

IS - 9

ER -

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