Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Wave and sediment dynamics along a shallow subtidal sandy beach inhabited by modern stromatolites

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Author(s)

J.E. Eckman, M.S. Andres, R.L. Marinelli, E. Bowlin, R.P. Reid, R.J. Aspden, David Maxwell Paterson

School/Research organisations

Abstract

To help define the habitat of modern marine stromatolites, wave-dominated flow and sediment transport were studied in the shallow subtidal region (1-2 m depth) along the slightly concave, windward face of Highborne Cay, Exuma, Bahamas - the only face of the cay that includes a population of stromatolites concentrated near the region of highest curvature of the beach. Wave energy impacting this island's most exposed beach was driven by local wind forcing which increases largely in response to the passage of atmospheric disturbances that typically affect the region for periods of a few days. Although some wave energy is almost always noted (maximum horizontal orbital speeds at the bottom are rarely < 10 cm s(-1)), wave conditions remain comparatively calm until local winds increase above speeds of approximate to 3-4 m s(-1) at which point maximum wave speeds rapidly increase to 50-80 cm s(-1). Stromatolites, which are largely restricted to the shoreward side of a shallow platform reef, are sheltered by the reef beyond which wave speeds are one to four times higher (depending on tidal stage). Moreover, stromatolite populations are predominantly found along a region of this wave-exposed beach that experiences comparatively reduced wave energy because of the curved morphology of the island's face. Maximum wave speeds are 1.4 to 2 times higher along more northern sections of the beach just beyond the locus of stromatolite populations. A quantitative model of sediment transport was developed that accurately predicted accumulation of suspended sediment in sediment traps deployed in the shallow subtidal zone along this beach. This model, coupled with in situ wave records, indicates that gross rates of suspended sediment deposition should be two to three times higher northward of the main stromatolite populations. Regions of the beach containing stromatolites nevertheless should experience significant rates of gross suspended sediment deposition averaging 7-10 g cm(-2) day(-1) (approximate to 4-6 cm day(-1)). Results suggest that one axis of the habitat of modern marine stromatolites may be defined by a comparatively narrow range of flow energy and sediment transport conditions.

Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-32
Number of pages12
JournalGeobiology
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2008

    Research areas

  • MODERN MARINE STROMATOLITES, MICROBIAL MATS, BAHAMAS

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. BioTIME: a database of biodiversity time series for the Anthropocene

    Dornelas, M., Antão, L. H., Moyes, F., Bates, A. E., Magurran, A. E., Adam, D., Akhmetzhanova, A. A., Appeltans, W., Arcos, J. M., Arnold, H., Ayyappan, N., Badihi, G., Baird, A. H., Barbosa, M., Barreto, T. E., Bässler, C., Bellgrove, A., Belmaker, J., Benedetti-cecchi, L., Bett, B. J. & 250 othersBjorkman, A. D., Błażewicz, M., Blowes, S. A., Bloch, C. P., Bonebrake, T. C., Boyd, S., Bradford, M., Brooks, A. J., Brown, J. H., Bruelheide, H., Budy, P., Carvalho, F., Castañeda-moya, E., Chen, C. A., Chamblee, J. F., Chase, T. J., Siegwart Collier, L., Collinge, S. K., Condit, R., Cooper, E. J., Cornelissen, J. H. C., Cotano, U., Kyle Crow, S., Damasceno, G., Davies, C. H., Davis, R. A., Day, F. P., Degraer, S., Doherty, T. S., Dunn, T. E., Durigan, G., Duffy, J. E., Edelist, D., Edgar, G. J., Elahi, R., Elmendorf, S. C., Enemar, A., Ernest, S. K. M., Escribano, R., Estiarte, M., Evans, B. S., Fan, T., Turini Farah, F., Loureiro Fernandes, L., Farneda, F. Z., Fidelis, A., Fitt, R., Fosaa, A. M., Daher Correa Franco, G. A., Frank, G. E., Fraser, W. R., García, H., Cazzolla Gatti, R., Givan, O., Gorgone-barbosa, E., Gould, W. A., Gries, C., Grossman, G. D., Gutierréz, J. R., Hale, S., Harmon, M. E., Harte, J., Haskins, G., Henshaw, D. L., Hermanutz, L., Hidalgo, P., Higuchi, P., Hoey, A., Van Hoey, G., Hofgaard, A., Holeck, K., Hollister, R. D., Holmes, R., Hoogenboom, M., Hsieh, C., Hubbell, S. P., Huettmann, F., Huffard, C. L., Hurlbert, A. H., Macedo Ivanauskas, N., Janík, D., Jandt, U., Jażdżewska, A., Johannessen, T., Johnstone, J., Jones, J., Jones, F. A. M., Kang, J., Kartawijaya, T., Keeley, E. C., Kelt, D. A., Kinnear, R., Klanderud, K., Knutsen, H., Koenig, C. C., Kortz, A. R., Král, K., Kuhnz, L. A., Kuo, C., Kushner, D. J., Laguionie-marchais, C., Lancaster, L. T., Min Lee, C., Lefcheck, J. S., Lévesque, E., Lightfoot, D., Lloret, F., Lloyd, J. D., López-baucells, A., Louzao, M., Madin, J. S., Magnússon, B., Malamud, S., Matthews, I., Mcfarland, K. P., Mcgill, B., Mcknight, D., Mclarney, W. O., Meador, J., Meserve, P. L., Metcalfe, D. J., Meyer, C. F. J., Michelsen, A., Milchakova, N., Moens, T., Moland, E., Moore, J., Mathias Moreira, C., Müller, J., Murphy, G., Myers-smith, I. H., Myster, R. W., Naumov, A., Neat, F., Nelson, J. A., Paul Nelson, M., Newton, S. F., Norden, N., Oliver, J. C., Olsen, E. M., Onipchenko, V. G., Pabis, K., Pabst, R. J., Paquette, A., Pardede, S., Paterson, D. M., Pélissier, R., Peñuelas, J., Pérez-matus, A., Pizarro, O., Pomati, F., Post, E., Prins, H. H. T., Priscu, J. C., Provoost, P., Prudic, K. L., Pulliainen, E., Ramesh, B. R., Mendivil Ramos, O., Rassweiler, A., Rebelo, J. E., Reed, D. C., Reich, P. B., Remillard, S. M., Richardson, A. J., Richardson, J. P., Van Rijn, I., Rocha, R., Rivera-monroy, V. H., Rixen, C., Robinson, K. P., Ribeiro Rodrigues, R., De Cerqueira Rossa-feres, D., Rudstam, L., Ruhl, H., Ruz, C. S., Sampaio, E. M., Rybicki, N., Rypel, A., Sal, S., Salgado, B., Santos, F. A. M., Savassi-coutinho, A. P., Scanga, S., Schmidt, J., Schooley, R., Setiawan, F., Shao, K., Shaver, G. R., Sherman, S., Sherry, T. W., Siciński, J., Sievers, C., Da Silva, A. C., Rodrigues Da Silva, F., Silveira, F. L., Slingsby, J., Smart, T., Snell, S. J., Soudzilovskaia, N. A., Souza, G. B. G., Maluf Souza, F., Castro Souza, V., Stallings, C. D., Stanforth, R., Stanley, E. H., Mauro Sterza, J., Stevens, M., Stuart-smith, R., Rondon Suarez, Y., Supp, S., Yoshio Tamashiro, J., Tarigan, S., Thiede, G. P., Thorn, S., Tolvanen, A., Teresa Zugliani Toniato, M., Totland, Ø., Twilley, R. R., Vaitkus, G., Valdivia, N., Vallejo, M. I., Valone, T. J., Van Colen, C., Vanaverbeke, J., Venturoli, F., Verheye, H. M., Vianna, M., Vieira, R. P., Vrška, T., Quang Vu, C., Van Vu, L., Waide, R. B., Waldock, C., Watts, D., Webb, S., Wesołowski, T., White, E. P., Widdicombe, C. E., Wilgers, D., Williams, R., Williams, S. B., Williamson, M., Willig, M. R., Willis, T. J., Wipf, S., Woods, K. D., Woehler, E. J., Zawada, K. & Zettler, M. L., 24 Jul 2018, In : Global Ecology and Biogeography. 27, 7, p. 760-786 27 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. The role of biophysical cohesion on subaqueous bed form size

    Parsons, D. R., Schindler, R. J., Hope, J. A., Malarkey, J., Baas, J. H., Peakall, J., Manning, A. J., Ye, L., Simmons, S., Paterson, D. M., Aspden, R. J., Bass, S. J., Davies, A. G., Lichtman, I. D. & Thorne, P. D., 19 Feb 2016, In : Geophysical Research Letters. Early View, p. 1-8 8 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Sticky stuff: redefining bedform prediction in modern and ancient environments

    Schindler, R. J., Parsons, D. R., Ye, L., Hope, J. A., Baas, J. H., Peakall, J., Manning, A. J., Aspden, R. J., Malarkey, J., Simmons, S., Paterson, D. M., Lichtman, I. D., Davies, A. G., Thorne, P. D. & Bass, S. J., May 2015, In : Geology. 43, 5, p. 399-402 4 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. The pervasive role of biological cohesion in bedform development

    Malarkey, J., Baas, J., Hope, J. A., Aspden, R. J., Parsons, D. R., Peakall, J., Paterson, D. M., Schindler, R., Ye, L., Lichtman, I. D., Bass, S. J., Davies, A. G., Manning, A. J. & Thorne, P. D., 6 Feb 2015, In : Nature Communications. 6, 6 p., 6257.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Relationships between biodiversity and the stability of marine ecosystems: comparisons at a European scale using meta-analysis

    Cusson, M., Crowe, T. P., Arau´jo, R., Arenas, F., Aspden, R., Bulleri, F., Davoult, D., Dyson, K., Fraschetti, S., Herku¨l, K., Hubas, C., Jenkins, S., Kotta, J., Kraufvelin, P., Migne´, A., Molis, M., Mulholland, O., Noe¨l, LM-LJ., Paterson, D. M., Saunders, J. & 5 othersSomerfield, P. J., Sousa-Pinto, I., Spilmont, N., Terlizzi, A. & Benedetti-Cecchi, L., 2014, In : Journal of Sea Research. 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Biogeochemical probing of microbial communities in a basalt-hosted hot spring at Kverkfjöll volcano, Iceland

    Cousins, C. R., Fogel, M., Bowden, R., Crawford, I., Boyce, A., Cockell, C. & Gunn, M., Sep 2018, In : Geobiology. 16, 5, p. 507-521

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Tracking the rise of eukaryotes to ecological dominance with zinc isotopes

    Isson, T., Love, G., Dupont, C., Reinhard, C., Zumberge, A., Asael, D., Gueguen, B., McCrow, J., Gill, B., Owens, J., Rainbird, R., Rooney, A., Zhao, M-Y., Stueeken, E. E., Konhauser, K., John, S., Lyons, T. & Planavsky, N., Jul 2018, In : Geobiology. 16, 4, p. 341-352

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Environmental niches and metabolic diversity in Neoarchean lakes

    Stueeken, E. E., Buick, R., Anderson, R. E., Baross, J. A., Planavsky, N. J. & Lyons, T. W., Nov 2017, In : Geobiology. 15, 6, p. 767-783

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Sulphur cycling in a Neoarchean microbial mat

    Meyer, N. R., Zerkle, A. L. & Fike, D. A., May 2017, In : Geobiology. 15, 13, p. 353-365 13 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. The geobiological nitrogen cycle: from microbes to the mantle

    Zerkle, A. L. & Mikhail, S., May 2017, In : Geobiology. 15, 13, p. 343-352 10 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 402778