Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

White muscle strain in the common carp and red to white muscle gearing ratios in fish

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Author(s)

J M Wakeling, I A Johnston

School/Research organisations

Abstract

White muscle strains were recorded using sonomicrometry techniques for 70 fast-starts in the common carp Cyprinus carpio L. High-speed cine images were recorded simultaneously for 54 of these starts, and muscle strain was calculated independently from the digitized outlines of the fish. Sonomicrometry measurements of superficial muscle strain were not significantly different from the strain as calculated from the theory of simple bending of a homogeneous material: superficial muscle strain thus varied with chordwise distance from the spine. However, white muscle strain across a transverse section of the myotome shows less variation with chordwise position than would be expected from simple bending theory. Muscle strains measured using sonomicrometry thus do not necessarily represent the more uniform strain predicted for the whole section of the fish. White muscle strain can be accurately predicted from the spine curvatures as measured from the cine images if the gearing ratio between the red and white muscle fibres is known. A model for calculating the gearing ratio from the helical muscle fibre geometry was reevaluated using current data for the kinematics of fast-starting C. carpio. This model predicted a mean gearing ratio of 2.8 for these fast-starts, A quicker, alternative approach to estimating gearing ratio from the position of the centroid of white fibre area is proposed and results in ratios similar to those calculated from the model of helical geometry. White muscle strains in fish can thus be estimated from measurements of spine curvature and muscle distribution alone.

Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)521-528
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Experimental Biology
Volume202
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1999

    Research areas

  • muscle strain, gearing ratio, sonomicrometry, fast-start, common carp, Cyprinus carpio, SARCOMERE-LENGTH CHANGES, POWER OUTPUT, SWIMMING FISH, BODY, PERFORMANCE, KINEMATICS

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Demonstration of the use of environmental DNA for the non-invasive genotyping of a bivalve mollusk, the European flat oyster (Ostrea edulis)

    Holman, L., Hollenbeck, C. M., Ashton, T. J. & Johnston, I. A., 19 Nov 2019, In : Frontiers in Genetics. 10, 7 p., 1159.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Influence of feed ration size on somatic and muscle growth in landlocked dwarf and farmed Atlantic salmon Salmo salar

    Andersen, Ø., Vieira, V., Dessen, J-E. & Johnston, I. A., Apr 2019, In : Journal of Fish Biology. 94, 4, p. 614-620 7 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Genomic tools and selective breeding in molluscs

    Hollenbeck, C. M. & Johnston, I. A., 18 Jul 2018, In : Frontiers in Genetics. 9, 15 p., 253.

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

  4. A collaborative European approach to accelerating translational marine science

    Brennecke, P., Ferrante, M., Johnston, I. A. & Smith, D., 5 Jul 2018, In : Journal of Marine Science and Engineering. 6, 3, 12 p., 81.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Related by journal

  1. Acceleration-triggered animal-borne videos show a dominance of fish in the diet of female northern elephant seals

    Yoshino, K., Takahashi, A., Adachi, T., Costa, D. P., Robinson, P. W., Peterson, S. H., Hückstädt, L. A., Holser, R. R. & Naito, Y., 28 Feb 2020, In : Journal of Experimental Biology. 223, 5, 9 p., jeb212936.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  2. Diving apart together: call propagation in diving long-finned pilot whales

    Kok, A. C. M., van Kolfshoten, L., Campbell, J. A., von Benda-Beckmann, A. M., Miller, P. J. O., Slabbekoorn, H. & Visser, F., 27 May 2020, In : Journal of Experimental Biology. 223, 10, 11 p., jeb207878.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  3. Dynamic biosonar adjustment strategies in deep-diving Risso's dolphins driven partly by prey evasion

    Jensen, F. H., Keller, O. A., Tyack, P. L. & Visser, F., Feb 2020, In : Journal of Experimental Biology. 223, 9 p., jeb216283.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  4. Energy compensation and received echo level dynamics in constant-frequency bats during active target approaches

    Stidsholt, L., Müller, R., Beedholm, K., Ma, H., Johnson, M. & Madsen, P. T., 28 Jan 2020, In : Journal of Experimental Biology. 223, 2, 9 p., jeb217109.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

  5. Flash and grab: deep-diving southern elephant seals trigger anti-predator flashes in bioluminescent prey

    Goulet, P., Guinet, C., Campagna, C., Campagna, J., Tyack, P. L. & Johnson, M., 19 May 2020, In : Journal of Experimental Biology. 223, 10, 11 p., jeb.222810.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

ID: 846041

Top