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Research at St Andrews

Whom do children copy? Model-based biases in social learning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle


Lara Amanda Natalia Wood, Rachel Kendal, Emma Flynn

School/Research organisations


This review investigates the presence of young children‟s model-based cultural transmission biases in social learning, arguing that such biases are adaptive and flexible. Section 1 offers five propositions regarding the presence and direction of model-based transmission biases in young children's copying of a model. Section 2 discusses the cognitive abilities required for differing model-based biases and tracks their development in early childhood. Section 3 suggests future areas of research including considering the social aspect of model-based biases and understanding their use within a comparative perspective.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)341-356
JournalDevelopmental Review
Issue number4
Early online date23 Sep 2013
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

    Research areas

  • Social learning, Model-based biases, Cultural transmission, Social cognition, Trust

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