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Why Income Inequalities Matter for Young People’s Health: A look at the evidence

Research output: ResearchWorking paper

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Aixa Y Aleman-Diaz, Emilia Toczydlowska, Joanna Mazur, Diana Frasquilho, Marina Melkumova, Goran Holmqvist

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Although child and adolescent inequalities are still less understood than those of adults, we have made progress in understanding the pathways that lead to negative outcomes and the limitations of some ‘adult-specific’ indicators as proxies of young people’s health and well-being. Nonetheless, the academic literature has been able to establish a clear negative relationship between a person’s material circumstances and their health outcomes and behaviours such as being overweight, lack of physical activity, higher levels of smoking and mental health problems, all of which persist throughout a person’s life. The personal and societal toll of these effects is clear, yet policies are still lagging behind, tackling proximal causes rather than ‘the causes of the causes’ of these health inequalities. This paper aims to summarise relevant knowledge on the socio-economic causes of health inequalities in children. It will not only provide a foundation to the Innocenti Report Card 13 in terms of outlining our knowledge regarding the drivers of health inequality but it will also help us shed light on its consequences.


Original languageEnglish
Publisher UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre
StatePublished - 14 Apr 2016

Publication series

NameInnocenti Working Papers
PublisherUNICEF Office of Research
ISSN (Electronic)1014-7837

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