Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Young children share more under time pressure than after a delay

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Adults under time pressure share with others generously, but with more time they act more selfishly. In the current study, we investigated whether young children already operate in this same way, and, if so, whether this changes over the preschool and early school age years. We tested 144 children in three age groups (3-, 5-, and 7-year olds) in a one-shot dictator game: Children were given nine stickers and had the possibility to share stickers with another child who was absent. Children in the Time Pressure condition were instructed to share quickly, whereas children in the Delay condition were instructed to take time and consider their decision carefully. Across ages, children in the Time Pressure condition shared significantly more stickers than children in the Delay condition. Moreover, the longer children waited, the less they shared. Thus, children, like adults, are more prosocial when acting spontaneously than after considering their decision more carefully.
Close

Details

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0248121
Number of pages10
JournalPLoS One
Volume16
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16 Mar 2021

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Common knowledge that help is needed increases helping behavior in children

    Siposova, B., Grueneisen, S., Helming, K., Tomasello, M. & Carpenter, M., Jan 2021, In: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology. 201, 104973.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. A new look at joint attention and common knowledge

    Siposova, B. & Carpenter, M., Aug 2019, In: Cognition. 189, p. 260-274 15 p.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Communicative eye contact signals a commitment to cooperate for young children

    Siposova, B., Tomasello, M. & Carpenter, M., Oct 2018, In: Cognition. 179, p. 192-201

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Selective copying of the majority suggests children are broadly "optimal-" rather than "over-" imitators

    Evans, C. L., Laland, K. N., Carpenter, M. & Kendal, R. L., 29 Aug 2018, In: Developmental Science. 21, 5, e12637.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  5. Joint action and joint attention: drawing parallels between the literatures

    Milward, S. & Carpenter, M., 26 Mar 2018, In: Social and Personality Psychology Compass. Early View, e12377.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Related by journal

  1. PLoS ONE (Journal)

    Joanna Louise Kershaw (Reviewer)

    18 Mar 2019

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  2. PLoS One (Journal)

    Paula Jean Miles (Member of editorial board)

    2019

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  3. PLoS ONE (Journal)

    Catharine Penelope Cross (Member of editorial board)

    1 Sep 2018 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

  4. PLoS ONE (Journal)

    Will Cresswell (Reviewer)

    23 May 2018

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesPeer review of manuscripts

  5. PLoS ONE (Journal)

    Barbara Dritschel (Member of editorial board)

    May 2018 → …

    Activity: Publication peer-review and editorial work typesEditor of research journal

Related by journal

  1. Ecosystem engineers drive differing microbial community composition in intertidal estuarine sediments

    Wyness, A. J., Fortune, I., Blight, A. J., Browne, P., Hartley, M., Holden, M. & Paterson, D. M., 19 Feb 2021, In: PLoS ONE. 16, 2, 20 p., e0240952.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  2. Hierarchical modelling of factors associated with the practice and perpetuation of female genital mutilation in the next generation of women in Africa

    Fagbamigbe, A. F., Morhason-Bello, I. O., Kareem, Y. O. & Idemudia, E. S., 23 Apr 2021, In: PLoS ONE. 16, 4, e0250411.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  3. Performance evaluation of survival regression models in analysing Swedish dental implant complication data with frailty

    Fagbamigbe, A. F., Karlsson, K., Derks, J. & Petzold, M., 7 Jan 2021, In: PLoS ONE. 16, 1, 16 p., e0245111.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

  4. Are in vitro and in silico approaches used appropriately for animal-based major depressive disorder research?

    Carvalho, C., Varela, S. A. M., Marques, T. A., Knight, A. & Vicente, L., 24 Jun 2020, In: PLoS ONE. 15, 6, 6 p., e0233954.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

ID: 273263980

Top