Skip to content

Research at St Andrews

Zirconium trisulfide as a promising cathode material for Li primary thermal batteries

Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle


Open Access permissions



Kyriakos Giagloglou, Julia Louise Payne, Christina Crouch, Richard Gover, Paul Alexander Connor, John Thomas Sirr Irvine

School/Research organisations


In this work ZrS3 has been synthesized by solid state reaction in a sealed quartz tube and investigated as a candidate cathode material in Li thermal batteries. The structure of ZrS3 before and after cell testing has been studied using powder X-ray diffraction. A new spinel related material, LiZr2S4, has been identified as the product of the electrochemical process, which can be indexed to a = 10.452(8) Å cubic unit cell. The electrochemical properties of the batteries were investigated at 500 °C against Li13Si4 by galvanostatic discharge and galvanostatic intermittent titration technique (GITT). In a thermal Li cell at 500 °C a single voltage plateau of 1.70 V at a current density of 11 mA/cm2 was achieved with capacity of 357 mA h g-1. Therefore ZrS3 material has some promise as a cathode for Li thermal batteries.


Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of The Electrochemical Society
Issue number14
StatePublished - 25 Nov 2016

    Research areas

  • Cathode, Discharge at high temperature, Li thermal battery, LiZr2S4, Solid state reaction , ZrS

Discover related content
Find related publications, people, projects and more using interactive charts.

View graph of relations

Related by author

  1. Synthesis and electrochemical study of CoNi2S4 as a novel cathode material in a primary Li thermal battery

    Giagloglou, K., Payne, J. L., Crouch, C., Gover, R., Connor, P. A. & Irvine, J. T. S. 25 Jul 2017 In : Journal of Electrochemical Society. 164, 9, p. A2159-A2163

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  2. Mechanism of enhanced performance on a hybrid direct carbon fuel cell using sawdust biofuels

    Li, S., Jiang, C., Liu, J., Tao, H., Meng, X., Connor, P., Hui, J., Wang, S., Ma, J. & Irvine, J. T. S. 15 Apr 2018 In : Journal of Power Sources. 383, p. 10-16 7 p.

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  3. Production and stability of low amount fraction of formaldehyde in hydrogen gas standards

    Bacquart, T., Perkins, M., Ferracci, V., Martin, N. A., Resner, K., Ward, M. K. M., Cassidy, N., Hook, J. B., Brewer, P. J., Irvine, J. T. S., Connor, P. A. & Murugan, A. 29 Mar 2018 In : International Journal of Hydrogen Energy. 43, 13, p. 6711-6722

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  4. Zero-dimensional methylammonium iodo bismuthate solar cells and synergistic interactions with silicon nanocrystals

    McDonald, C., Ni, C., Švrček, V., Lozac'H, M., Connor, P. A., Maguire, P., Irvine, J. T. S. & Mariotti, D. 21 Dec 2017 In : Nanoscale. 9, 47, p. 18759-18771 13 p.

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  5. Charge carrier localised in zero-dimensional (CH3NH3)3Bi219 clusters

    Ni, C., Hedley, G. J., Payne, J. L., Svrcek, V., McDonald, C., Jagadamma, L. K., Edwards, P., Martin, R., Jain, G., Carolan, D., Mariotti, D., Maguire, P., Samuel, I. D. W. & Irvine, J. T. S. 1 Aug 2017 In : Nature Communications. 8, 7 p., 170

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

Related by journal

  1. A parametric open circuit voltage model for lithium ion batteries

    Birkl, C. R., McTurk, E., Roberts, M. R., Bruce, P. G. & Howey, D. A. 1 Sep 2015 In : Journal of The Electrochemical Society. 162, 12, p. A2271-A2280 10 p.

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  2. Characterization of aluminum doped lithium-manganese rich composites for higher rate lithium-ion cathodes

    Iftekhar, M., Drewett, N. E., Armstrong, R., Hesp, D., Braga, F., Ahmed, S. & Hardwick, L. J. 6 Oct 2014 In : Journal of The Electrochemical Society. 161, 14, p. A2109-A2116 8 p.

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

  3. Performance of direct carbon fuel cells operated on coal and effect of operation mode

    Chien, A. C., Arenillas, A., Jiang, C. & Irvine, J. T. S. 11 Mar 2014 In : Journal of The Electrochemical Society. 161, 5, p. F588-F593 6 p.

    Research output: Research - peer-reviewArticle

ID: 247757471